Many thanks to Gokalp.
The bigoted American and Western
press naturally depicted "The Armenian Question" almost entirely
from the perspective of Armenian and WWI propaganda. (The partisanship was so
blatant, for example, eastern Anatolia, part of the Ottoman Empire for
centuries, was often referred to as "Armenia.") But even with some
of these articles, the inconsistencies of the genocide tale slipped through;
sometimes the newspapers even released accounts of the Armenians' belligerence
(frequently couched in terms such as "self-defense," but in reality
exposing the lie that there was no Armenian rebellion).
This page will feature some of these accounts, as well as others of interest,
taking place during the "1915" decade.
0) Armenians Enrolled in a Volunteer Force.
1) Armenians Side with Russians
2) Thieving as Turkey Mobilizes; Armenians Besiege Van
3) Armenians Join Russians and 20,000 Scatter Turks
4) Germans in Constantinople / Turkey Compelled to
5) Cossacks Rout Turks / England Declares War /
6) Armenians Are Fighting Turks In Self Defense
7) Turkish Origin of Military Bands
8) Armenians Fight for Russia
9) Armenian Force Increased to 15,000 / Kurdish
10) Enver Pasha's Boast of Bloody Butchery
11) Kurds Continue Atrocities
12) Case of the [Ship Named] Armenian
13) A Russian Army Camp in Turkish Armenia
14) Turks Driven Back — Armenians Big Help
15) Kurdistan Villages Robbed of Population
15b) Americans Tell Terrible Tales of Turk Cruelty
16) Armenians Loot Turk Homes in Retaliation
17) Armenians Slay Turks in Revolt
18) Russians Victorious (with 50,000 Armenian volunteers)
19) Armenian Volunteers Aided General Allenby
20) America's Only Terms to the Huns: Unconditional Surrender
21) Armenians Go to Europe to Fight for the Allies
22) Armenia Loyal to the Allies
23) Armenians Recapture Erzerum After a Battle with the Turks
24) Armenians Seek Original Country & Independence
25) Turkey has a Greek Peril
26) Armenians in Revolt
The New York Times, October 31, 1914.
Armenians and Caucasians Enrolled in a Volunteer Force.
Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES.
PETROGRAD, Oct. 30, (Dispatch to the London Daily Chronicle.)—The Turkish Ambassador has
not left Petrograd and the Russian Ambassador has not left Constantinople.
The impression prevails here that Germany has forced the conflict against the will of the
members of the Turkish Government.
Russia is well prepared to deal with the new situation created in Turkey. The Black Sea
fleet has long been in readiness, and, in addition to the regular troops in the Caucasus,
a volunteer corps has been organized among the Armenians, the Georgians, the Mohammedans.
The Armenians in particular are overjoyed at the prospect of fighting their hereditary
enemy, and wealthy Armenian merchants are contributing large sums for the equipment of the
Caucasian mountaineers are enrolling, too, with the greatest alacrity. Most of them are
Mohammedans, but their sympathies are not with Turkey, and fighting is the breath of life
to them. They ask no greater boon than to be allowed to use their horses and rifles
against Russia’s enemies.
The settled Tartar population of the Caucasus, which has been more directly exposed to
Ottoman influences, has given innumerable proofs of its loyalty to Russia.
The Petrograd newspapers express concern at the attitude of Bulgaria, but most of them
refuse ot [sic] admit the possibility of her aiding Turkey against the empire that
liberated her from the Ottoman yoke.
Holdwater: Even though the Russians knew that Germany was
pulling the strings on Oct. 31, Russia would waste no time in declaring war against the
Ottoman Empire, only four days later.
(Thanks to Pinar.)
Side with Russians
Elyria Evening Telegram, November 13, 1914; also nearly
duplicated in Fort Wayne Journal Gazette, Nov. 13, 1914, "Armenians
Active In European War," as well as the Manitoba Free Press,
Nov. 13, 1914 ("Unearthing Guns and Ammunition"); parts may also be
read in the Washington Post piece below.
ARMENIANS READY TO SIDE WITH RUSSIANS
Want to Get Into War in order to Be Delivered From Turkish Rule, Says Dispatch From
Petrograd, Nov. 13, via London.-Reports reaching the Russian capital from the
Turkish border attach increasing importance to the part the Armenians are playing in
the Russian-Turkish war.
the days when coats were ten dollars and
sweaters cost a buck.
In several towns occupied by the Russians the
Armenian students have shown themselves ready to join the invading army and
explained that they had prepared themselves for the Russian approach by constant
drilling and by gathering arms, secretly. All along the line of march, according to
these dispatches, the Armenian peasants are receiving the Russian troops with
enthusiasm and giving them provisions freely.
An Armenian newspaper, referring to this crisis in the history of Armenia, publishes
"The long anticipated way of deliverance for the Turkish Armenians is at hand,
and the Armenians are prepared for any sacrifice made necessary by the performance
of their manifest duty."
From this border country there have come to Petrograd further reports of armed
conflicts arising from the refusal of Armenians to become Turkish conscripts and
surrender their arms.
It is now rumored that the Important city of Van is besieged by Armenian guerrilla
bands in great force. In Feitun the bands are said to exceed 20,000 in number, and
they are reported to have defeated all the Turkish troops sent against them, causing
the Turks heavy losses.
A dispatch received here from Constantinople says that the Turkish cruiser Goeben
was penetrated by a shell at her water line during the recent bombardment of the
Dardanelles by the allied Anglo-French fleet. The damage inflicted is described as
The Goeben is one of the two German cruisers taken over by Turkey after the outbreak
of the war.
|Thieving as Turkey Mobilizes; Armenians Besiege Van
Manitoba Free Press (Winnipeg), Nov. 7, 1914
THIEVING WHILE TURKEY MOBILIZES
General Seizure of Even Silk Stockings and Sets of Furniture and Ladies’ Shoes
New York, Nov. 6—Merchandise of every conceivable value is being seized by officers of
the Ottoman government in cities of Syria, under the general orders of mobilization of
troops according to reports from missionaries made public today by the board of foreign
missions of the Presbyterian church.
“Under the order of mobilization,” the board states, “unwilling conscripts are being
gathered, each soldier being required to bring with him from his home eight days’
rations with a certain amount of money. The local officials have turned the orders to
commandeer horses, mules food and fodder into a most wicked and unbridled system of
plunder. They have entered the shops at Beirut at all hours of the night and day, and have
seized not only flour and articles of food, but dry goods, clothing, household utensils,
silk stockings by the gross, foreign made shoes for women, and expensive sets of
Washington, Nov. 6—Mirza Alii [Kuli?] Khan, the charge of the Persian legation here,
called upon Acting Secretary Lansing at the state department today to inform him
officially that his country had decided to preserve an attitude of strict neutrality as
between Russia and Turkey during the war.
London, Nov. 6—The Sofia, Bulgaria, correspondent of Reuter’s sends the following
“A number of subjects of the powers in the triple entente have arrived here from
Constantinople. They report that the Turkish capital is quiet and that the military law is
being enforced with the utmost rigor.
“I learned that even the Grand Vizier was unable to free himself from the trammels of
the military party. He tried thrice to resign, but was threatened with court-martial and
forced to remain in office against his will. The best informed of the Turkish public are
opposed to war, it is said. They consider the situation as most critical to Turkey but
have kept silent through fear of arousing the enmity of the military party.
“Trade is at a standstill in Constantinople. The cruiser Goeben, accompanied by four
torpedo boats, proceeded to the Black Sea Tuesday.
Armenians Besiege Van.
London, Nov. 7—A dispatch received by the Daily Telegraph from Tiflis, capital of the
Lieutenancy of Caucasia, by way of Moscow, says:
“The Turkish town of Van (140 miles southeast of Erzurum, Turkish Armenia), is being
besieged by a detachment of Armenians who are aiding the Russians. The town has a large
arsenal. Another detachment is operating in the rear of the Turkish army.”
Holdwater: Note the Ottoman
Empire was in such dire straits, the drafted men were asked to bring supplies and money
from home! (As if being taken into the army wasn't bad enough, they had to pay for it..!)
Let's note here that Armenian propaganda loves to tell us the Armenian conscripts were
especially picked on (excluding the many who dodged the draft and joined the enemy; see
article below), but the fact is, everyone was being treated unfairly.
Join Russians and 20,000 Scatter Turks
The Washington Post, Nov. 13, 1914
ARMENIANS JOIN RUSSIANS AND 20,000 SCATTER TURKS
DEAL BLOW TO TURKS
Russians Scatter a Big Army Occupying Batum Valley.
ARE NEAR ERZERUM FORTRESS
British Capture Turkish Torpedoboat, and Czar's Troops Damage the Former German
Cruiser Goeben-Americans Join Russians-Twenty Thousand Defeat Ottoman Forces at
London, Nov. 12.— The Russian army of Armenia, whose base is on Kars,
Transcaucasia, is approaching the Turkish fortress of Erzerum.
A dispatch from Petrograd says:
"A graphic account has been received here of the end of the Russian transport
Truth, which the Russians sank sooner than surrender her to the Turkish cruiser
Goeben. When called upon to surrender her captain headed the Truth for the shore,
opened the valves, and blew a hole In the bottom of the vessel
Sailors Sing as Ship Sinks.
"Lieut. Ragowsky perished while attempting to fire a second charge of
explosives. Part of the crew got off In boats, while the others Jumped Into the
water, and were picked up by the Turkish ships.
"The ship's chaplain and a handful of men were left aboard. As the ship went
down the chaplain was seen on deck giving his blessing to the men, who remained
about him cheering and singing the national anthem."
A Turkish torpedoboat which escaped from the Dardanelles has been captured off
Tenedos, an island five miles off the northwest coast of Asia Minor, according to an
An Amsterdam dispatch says that the kaiser has ordered that all Mohammedans captured
from the allied armies be sent to Constantinople to serve in the Turkish army.
Pic from the front page: WAR, WITH "ALL
THE COMFORTS OF HOME." The British trenches along the [Al?ne] are so
ingeniously constructed as to afford almost complete protection. Hot meals are
served, newspapers are read, and a system of hot baths has in some instances been
installed. The floor of the trenches is sloped so as to give good drainage and are
arranged so as to communicate with one another.
Austrian Officers for Turkey.
A telegram from Bucharest, Roumania, says that Halil Bey, uncle of Enver Bey, the
leader of the Young Turks, has arrived there on a special mission in behalf of
Rome, Nov. 12-Advices from Constantinople say that the Ottoman army still lacks 700
officers, and that the authorities at Berlin were requested to supply them. Berlin
replied that it would be impossible to send all Germans, but would supplement them
with Austrians, who would travel to Constantinople individually as civilians.
Petrograd, Nov. 12-- A dispatch received here from Constantinople says that the
Turkish cruiser Goeben was penetrated by a shell at her waterline during the recent
bombardment of the Dardanelles by the allied Anglo-French fleet. The damage
Inflicted is described as serious.
Russians Take Many Turks.
An official communication from the general staff of the Caucasian army under date of
November 10 says "Small skirmishes In the region beyond Tchoruk River, in the
neighborhood of the province of Batum have occurred. "We maintained our
position at Koprukeut. Turkish attempts to envelop us resulting in failure. We
captured many prisoners and large quantities of munitions. We have occupied all of
the valley of Alasckertaka.
"According to a Turkish officer taken prisoner, the Turkish army commanded by
Hassan tazet Pasha, is guided by Germans."
Armenians Fighting the Turks.
In several towns occupied by the Russians the Armenian students have shown
themselves ready to join the invading army. Reports tell of armed conflicts arising
from the refusal of Armenians to become Turkish conscripts, and surrender their
It is now rumored that the city of Van Is besieged by Armenian guerrilla bands In
In Feitun the Armenians are said to exceed 20,000 in number, and they are reported
to have defeated all the Turkish troops sent against them, causing the Turks heavy
Holdwater: Note these 20,000 Armenians were all
A peculiar pattern in reports featuring Armenian belligerence was that the
"Armenians fighting Turks" angle rated big headlines, and yet there were
hardly many details in the accompanying text; in the example above, no less than
three other topics preceded the Armenian portion. This must have been the bigoted
editors' way of making their bigoted readers feel good; at last the poor, helpless
Armenians were giving the monstrous Turks well-deserved comeuppance!
The accent above is on how the Germans were in control of many segments of the
Ottoman military, and the shortage of military manpower (the example here was in the
officer corps, but the problem was extensive), demonstrating how desperate the
situation was for the Ottomans. The last thing they needed was to deal with many
thousands of their own traitorous, revolting Armenians.
in Constantinople / Turkey Compelled to Help Germany
Two articles from The Manitoba Free Press, Nov. 13,
Asquith May Ask for Million More Men
Reports in Lobbies at Westminster Are That Demand for Funds, on Tuesday Will be for
Billion Dollars With Probability of Half Crown Income Tax in Addition —Three
Thousand German Officers in Turkish Naval Service — Kaiser's Men Control
GERMANS IN CONSTANTINOPLE.
London, Nov. 12.-An Englishman, long a resident of Constantinople, which city he
left on Nov. 1, has arrived in London. He says that in addition to the crews of the
cruisers Goeben and Brealau, nearly 3,000 German officers are in the Turkish naval
service. Two months ago, he says, all the German clerks of public and private
establishments were taken over by the military authorities and placed in charge of
the telegraph and postal departments and the censorship.
He adds: "Every Turkish ship has a German officer in command. It was a mistake
that the Khedive was not allowed to return to Egypt some time ago, where he could
have carefully watched developments, whereas in Constantinople, he is the centre of
the intrigues of discontented Arabs of the Nationalist party and Germans."
MORE OFFICERS NEEDED.
Rome, Nov. 12.-Advices from Constantinople say that the Ottoman army still lacks 700
officers and that the authorities at Berlin were requested to supply them. Berlin
replied that it would be impossible to send all Germans, but would supplement them
with Austrians who would travel to Constantinople individually as civilians.
Manitoba Free Press, Nov. 13, 1914, from the article, "Turks Attack
on Koprukeni Repulsed With Heavy Loss."
Turkey Compelled to Help Germany
London, Nov. 13:—(2-57 a.m.)—The Morning Post's Athens correspondent says:
"According to statements made by a diplomat here, Turkey was compelled to enter
the war by a secret treaty made some years ago with Germany whereby Turkey agreed to
assist Germany if war was declared on Germany if war was declared on Germany by
"In return Germany likewise agreed to assist Turkey if Russia declared war on
"At the opening of the war Germany demanded Turkey's assistance, but the
Turkish cabinet, which regarded such an act as suicidal, replied that Turkey would
be unable to assist because she had no money, because the army was going through a
period of reorganization, and because the fleet was powerless to defend the capitol.
"Germany answered these objections by sending money, men and ships, whereupon
Turkey was compelled to enter the arena because of her solemn treaty
Holdwater: Interesting explanation as to why the
Ottoman Empire joined the Central Powers; this one has not been as widely
|Cossacks Rout Turks/England Declares War/Annexes Cyprus
The Syracuse Herald, November 5, 1914
COSSACKS ROUT THE TURKS NEAR ARMENIAN LINE
Petrograd Statement Says the Kurds Fled, Leaving the Wounded.
By F. L. Murray
Petrograd, Nov. 5 — Additional victories for Russian troops in their invasion of Asiatic
Turkey were announced in an official report from the general staff issued here to-day. The
Cossack forces are advancing rapidly and inflicting sudden blows upon the Turks.
The official report follows:
"In the Caucasus one of our columns suddenly attacked the enemy near Ardost, fifteen
miles south of Kars, near the Armenian frontier. The Turks fled, deserting their wounded.
"Dislodging the Turks from their positions, at [Id?] (about fifty-eight miles west of
Ardost), the Russian troops took a large quantity of food supplies. Our troops captured
Raorasan (southeast of Id in Armenia) after a sharp fight. The Russian force there
consisted of 100 Cossacks. They attacked the enemy's trenches and sabred the Turkish
"Another column traveling fifty-six miles in thirty hours over difficult roads
encountered Turkish troops at Mysonne and Diyadin (about forty-five miles west of the
frontier.) Our troops dispersed a large force of Kurds and occupied Diyardin, where we
took a large quantity of munitions of war and numerous prisoners.
On November 3d we captured Bayazid after routing the Turkish troops, who offered strong
ENGLAND DECLARES WAR AGAINST TURKEY, AND THE OTTOMAN ENVOY IS GIVEN HIS PASSPORTS
If Triple Entente Is Victorious in This War, Russia Will Undoubtedly Open the Dardanelles
By HEEBEET TEMPLE.
London, Nov. 5.— England declared war on Turkey to-day as Tewfik Pasha, the Ottoman
envoy, left London with his staff. The formal declaration of hostilities caused no
surprise as England and Russia have been waging war on Turkey for several days.
This action by England only served to emphasize the great political upsets that have
occurred in the present struggle in Europe. For many decades England has fought both with
arms arid diplomacy to prevent Russia gaining possession of the Dardanelles and thus
securing an outlet into the Mediterranean. But if the Triple Entente is victorious over
the Teutonic allies in the present conflict, Russia will undoubtedly gain in the end which
she has long sought.
In the Russo-Turkish war, when it looked as if Russia would be victorious England and
France sided with Turkey and the Muscovite aim was defeated.
Envoy Goes, to the Continent
London, Nov. 5 — Tewfik Pasha, the Turkish ambassador, and his staff left London to-day
for the continent and the rupture of relations between England and the Porte was complete.
While the destination of the ambassador was stated to be Constantinople, it is believed he
would not go there, as he has opposed the war party.
The severance of diplomatic relations would have occurred several days earlier, but for a
personal plea from the envoy to Sir Edward Grey to delay acting until he could try to
influence the Porte in favor of maintaining neutrality and granting the wishes of the
A dispatch to the Times from Dedeagatch says that the Grand Vizier knew nothing of the
Black Sea raid until after it occurred. The minister of marine was also ignorant of the
plan to open hostilities and learned of it only in a roundabout way. Then he demanded an
explanation from Enver Bey and was informed that Russia had attacked the Turkish fleet.
This statement received no corroboration and the minister of marine resigned. Other
ministers who favored neutrality did likewise and the Grand Vizier later gave up his
England Annexes Island of Cyprus
London, Nov. 5.— Great Britain has annexed the Island of Cyprus. Official announcement
to this effect was made by the Gazette to-day. Cyprus has been nominally a Turkish
possession, but in reality it has belonged to England since that country took control of
it and governed it by a resident commissioner.
The island has a population of more than 250,000. It is about  miles long and from a
forty to fifty miles in width.
The defensive alliance between Great Britain and Turkey having become annulled by the
outbreak of war, the British government decided that it was necessary to appropriate the
island in order that proper provision might be made for its government and for Its
The island, since the Anglo-Turkish convention of 1878, had been occupied and administered
by Great Britain though it had remained under the suzerainty of the Sultan.
(Continued on Next Page)
Holdwater: Ambassador Morgenthau corroborated in his
"Story" book that Jemal Pasha, the Minister of Marine, was surprised by the
attack upon the Russian coast.
Are Fighting Turks In Self Defense
The Newark Advocate, November 7, 1914; the same article was also in The
Dallas News, Nov. 8, 1914: "ARMENIANS AND TURKS FIGHT. Several Sharp
Engagements at Lake Van," as well as in the last segment of the Atlanta
newspaper report, provided below.
Americans [sic] Are Fighting Turks In Self Defense
[ASSOCIATED PRESS TELEGRAM]
Petrograd, via London, .Nov. 7.—A dispatch received here from Tlflls, says
Armenian refugees reaching there report that volunteer bands of Armenians have had
several sharp engagements with the Turkish garrison at Van on Lake Van In Armenia,
and about 145 miles south-east of Erzerum.
These bands of Armenians have come together in the interior of Turkey for self
The Atlanta Constitution, Nov. 8, 1914
BRITAIN SEIZES TURKISH SEAPORT
Soldiers from India Occupy Fao,on Persian Gulf — Russians Claim to Be Driving
Turks in Great Disorder.
London November 8 — (12:30 a. m. ) The admiralty announces the occupation of Fao,
a port of Asiatic Turkey at the mouth of the River [?hat] el- Arab in the Persian
gulf. A military force from India covered by the sloop Odin landed with a naval
detachment after the Turkish guns had been silenced, according to the announcement.
There were no British casualties.
Fao is the terminus of the submarine telegraph to India.
TURKS ARE DRIVEN BY THE RUSSIANS
Petrograd November 7 — An official communication from the general staff in
Caucasia dated November 8 says:
There have not been any considerable actions as yet. Some Kurdish regiments,
supported by infantry and masses of the population in arms attempted an offensive
movement in the region northeast of Karakilissa. The Turks were driven back with
The Russians continue to pursue the Turkish and Kurdish troops who were defeated in
the hilly regions of Passine [Diadme and Baiazel]. These places have been occupied
by our troops. The Turkish troops have been in part exterminated and part dispersed.
A dispatch received here from Tiflis says Armenian refugees reaching their reports
that volunteer bands of Armenians have had several sharp engagements with the
Turkish garrison at Van on Lake Van In Armenia, and about 145 miles southeast of
These bands of Armenians have come together In the interior of Turkey for self
|Turkish Origin of Military Bands
The Newark Advocate, November 12, 1914
Turkish Origin of Military Bands.
Talking of the military element at the Yildiz palace under Abdul Hamid, including the
military band, Sidney Whitman in "Turkish Memories" remarks that military bands
as such are quite a modern feature In Europe and owe their origin to the Janissaries:
"Janitscharenmusik" Is still to this day the term used In Germany for an
Infernal din of tin kettles, pipes and brass. To the Turk, then, is due all the noise
which has become such a public nuisance in our time on the continent of Europe — a heavy
responsibility before the tribunal of decency and decorum.
Holdwater: How nice that a Western newspaper gave the Turks
credit for something besides making war, while making certain to underline that any such
accomplishment would be sure to set civilization back.
Fight for Russia
Manitoba Free Press, Jan. 8, 1915; Also The Reno Evening Gazette, Jan. 7,
1915, p. 5 ("ARMENIANS FIGHT FOR RUSSIA"), and in The
Indianapolis Star?, January 08, 1915 ("ARMENIANS JOIN RUSSIANS:
Detachment of Volunteers Arrives at Tiflis for Army Service.")
TURKS TAKE URUMIAH
Ottoman Troops Occupy Important Russian Base
Berlin, Jan. 7.— The Turkish official bulletin received here today reports that
Ottoman troops have occupied Urumiah, which has been an important base for the
Urumiah is a town of Persian Armenia in Azerbaijan, with a population of from 30,000
Armenian Volunteers at Tiflis.
London, Jan. 7.— Reuter's Petrograd correspondent transmits a message from Tiflis
stating that a detachment of Armenian volunteers had arrived there from America. The
volunteers received an enthusiastic reception.
The Armenian volunteers evidently are to serve with the Russian army in the campaign
against Turkey, whose troops were advancing in the direction of Tiflis until as
reported in Petrograd two days ago. they were defeated disastrously. Tiflis is a
Russian city in the trans-Caucasian region. The territory known as Armenia, which is
not a political unit, includes part of the trans-Caucus.
|Armenian Force Increased to 15,000/Kurdish Separatist
Daily Kennebec Journal, May 28, 1915
ARMENIAN VOLUNTEERS ARE TO BE INCREASED TO 15,000
(Associated Press Correspondence)
Tiflis April 23. — A visit to the general staff of the Armenian volunteers
disclosed active preparations to raise their contingents from about 5000 to a full
division of about 15,000. Five Armenian detachments are now [arriving] from Batum to
Tabriz. It is planned to unite all but one in a single body. Volunteering is
proceeding briskly having begun even before Turkey entered the war. Armenian
subscriptions defray all costs and. the management is in the hands of the Armenian
National Bureau, in which all elements of the Armenian race are represented.
Hope of emancipating Turkish Armenia has ended party disputes which used to be as
fierce as they were unintelligible to the outside world. There is entire confidence
in the allied armies.
The outbreak of war instantly recalled the general inspectors newly created upon the
initiative of Russia, and it is now one of the absorbing questions of the Caucasus
whether England and France will not leave the determination of the fate of Armenia
to Russia alone.
The Armenians are consoling themselves with the assurance that the Russian
government does not want to arm Turkish Armenia, though they would be very glad if
they had even vague promises held out.
But the most striking of the historic Armenian animosities at this time is that,
while making larger preparations to fight, the Armenian leaders would much prefer
that there should be very little fighting In Turkish Armenia, as every advance of
the Russian Armenians would be preceded by massacres and the grant of autonomy would
find the Armenian people too weak to utilize their new privileges of self
government. There are however words of caution against waiting for peace
negotiations to drop Into their laps the ripe fruits of diplomacy.
In any case it is considered doubtful whether Turkey would yield more gracefully to
diplomacy than to a [?]. It is feared she would rather repeat, in the form of a
reduction of their numbers, the historic argument that the Armenians are really a
negligible minority. There is believed to be danger in delay. The diplomatic
ch[?]board Is more uncertain than the military. Even if everything should go well
with the triple entente, it is believed in the end Turkey will have to be coerced by
arms and will almost certainly revenge itself on its helpless Christian subjects.
BEDRKHAN BEY WILL STRIVE TO REGAIN LOST THRONE
(Associated Press Correspondence)
Russian Headquarters Persia, April 8. —The grandson of the lost King of Botan set
out today to win back his ancestral throne with the aid of twenty Kurds. Bedrikhan
Bey was really the hereditary lord of a group of Kurdish chiefs and in Asiatic
language a King until he became involved in war with Turkey in the year of the
Hegira, 1262. Notwithstanding his French education and his polished manners
Abdurrazzak thinks In Turkish Arkudish when he relates Kurdish history.
Bedrkhan Bey was Imprisoned and passed 18 years In Crete in honorable detention.
Later he was allowed to establish his household gods at Contantinople where
Abdurrazzak was born and he died at Damascus. The grandson after being secretary of
the Turkish embassy at Petrograd In 1892 and master of ceremonies at the
Contantinople court, engaged In a palace plot 10 years ago. Together with two
brothers and an uncle he passed four years in a Tripoli prison with heavy ball and
chain attached to his leg under a suspended sentence of death.
The Turkish revolution brought freedom and Abdurrazzak shared the honeymoon of
Turkish constitutionalism with the Young Turks for seven months. He then formed the
plan of separating Kurdistan from Turkey and went to Russia to seek support. After
five years there he came to Persla to establish relations with his grandfather's
subjects. He opened a Kurdlsh school in a building he bought In the city of Hai and
bided his time which he now thinks has come much simpler.
|Enver Pasha's Boast of Bloody Butchery
The Fort Wayne News, Oct. 7, 1915
ENVER PASHA'S BOAST OF BLOODY BUTCHERY
GLORIES IN HIS RUTHLESS SLAUGHTER OF HELPLESS CHRISTIANS.
EMILY C. WHEELER
Makes a Sensational Statement Concerning the Atrocities of the Turks.
NEW YORK, Oct.7.—"It is Enver Pasha's boast that he killed more Armenians in thirty
days, than Abdul Hamid did in thirty years. And Abdul Hamid was known as the 'great
butcher' and the 'red sultan'."
This statement was made today by Miss Emily C. Wheeler, secretary of the National Armenia
and India Relief association, an organization which since 1895 has been active in mission
work in Turkish Armenia. Information on which her statement was based was given her by a
missionary, an Armenian physician just returned from Turkey. Miss Wheeler herself spent
eighteen years in Armenia and was there during the massacre of 1895.
"German officers are active in the Armenian persecutions," continued Miss
Wheeler, "according to stories told me by my missionary friends. Certain classes of
Turks are not in sympathy with the horrible outrages but they dare not protest as the
movement is being directed from Constantinople.
"Out of the Armenian nation 1,500,000 people, 800,000 have been killed or deported.
The Ottoman government is waging a campaign of extermination. This is evident from the
slaughter and is further indicated by the statement of the governor of Van, made in
November, 1914, that the government intended to kill every Armenian, even down to the
babies, to rid Turkey forever of the "Armenian question."
"They have succeeded so well in some villages there is not even a sign of life left.
The entire district of Tiflis has been leveled by fire. Women have been scorched, scalded
and beaten to death. Even the orphans in our missions have been deported. In the Van
district alone 57,000 Armenians were killed in August.
"One of the young women attached to the Van mission has been missing since July. She
is a Miss McLaren, an American, who volunteered to serve in the Red Crescent, the Turkish
Red Cross. She disappeared when the Turks fled before the Russian soldiers. She is
probably dead. Another instance is that of Sister Martha, a German woman, who fled with
fifty orphans from the savage Kurds in July. Nothing has been heard of them.
"Those who managed to escape death are suffering indescribable tortures from
starvation. The government hinders all outside aid and will do nothing itself to relieve
"Of the 270,000 Armenians who started for Russia over 100,000 died of typhus. There
are 60,000 Armenians serving in the Russian army. This, and the fact that there is a
handful of Armenian revolutionists stirring up trouble are the excuses offered by the
government for the persecutions."
The physician, said to be a former Princeton man, killed at Harpoot, was Professor
Vorperian, an Armenian, who graduated from Princeton twenty years ago. He was executed for
alleged participation in the revolution. Miss Wheeler said today funds for the National
Armenian and India Relief association work are urgently needed.
Holdwater: This pure propaganda is irresistible on several levels. Note first that
the Enver boast was provided not only by a missionary, but an Armenian
missionary... as if the Turkish leader would have dared make such a statement to such a
person, even if he had entertained such thoughts. Secondly, Ambassador Morgenthau related
the same invented anecdote in his "Story" book, but this time the speaker was
Talat. Silly Samantha Power actually provided this sewage as "historical evidence" in her
"Pulitzer Prize winning" book.
Of note as well is the bigoted missionary's assertion that there were 1.5 million
Armenians in the Ottoman Empire, at least one statement based on fact. In addition, she
helpfully supports Richard Hovannisian's claim that of 300,000 Armenians who accompanied
the Russian retreats, almost half died of disease. So one-tenth of the entire population,
and about one-quarter of the entire mortality would also be designated as
"genocide" victims, even though the Turks weren't in sight. Lastly, note the
Armenians' wide scale betrayal (the "Wheeler-Dealer" dishonestly couches it in
terms of a "handful" of revolutionists) is simply an "excuse"
for the "persecutions" the Armenians were forced to face.
The Pinedale Roundup, Wyoming June 24, 1915
KURDS CONTINUE ATROCITIES.
Armenian Volunteers Fighting to Protect Christian Population.
Tiflis, Trans-Caucasia.—After the occupation of Van, Turkish Armenia, by the
Russians, bands of Kurds continued to commit atrocities in the districts of Bitlis,
Mush and Diarbekr. Armenian volunteers in increasing numbers are fighting
desperately to protect the Christian population from the Kurds. Inhabitants of
Diarbekr, following the example of the Armenians in Van, have organized armed bands.
Holdwater: If these atrocities were being committed,
the reason was revenge, for the terrible crimes the traitorous Armenians had
committed upon the Kurds and other Ottoman Muslims. Yet the newspaper had to make it
seem as though the poor, helpless Armenians were being set upon for sport, as though
Ottoman Muslims were not going through a nightmare, and did not have better things
to do than to use Armenians for target practice.
By the way, how could the Armenians in Diyarbakir have had the manpower to form
armed bands? We were around a month into the "deportation" already, and as
any Armenian propaganda aficionado knows, all the Armenian young men were killed by
this time, leaving only the women, children and old men to be sent off on their
|Case of the [Ship Named] Armenian
Lancaster Daily Eagle, July 1, 1915
The following is in regards to an American ship that carried war
contraband for the British and was sunk by a German submarine, with a casualty of "nineteen
Americans, most of them negroes... missing and believed to be lost." (Another
toll of 29 lost and 10 injured is provided later in the article.)
The main point of interest here is that sympathy for the Armenians was raised to such a
fever pitch, evidently one effect was that this ship was named... "the
Armenian." An excerpt:
Case of the Armenian
That the case of the Armenian, even if all the points now in doubt are resolved in favor
of the vessel and against the German submarine will not arouse popular feeling in this
country to the extent that has been the case regarding other Americans who have been made
victims of German submarines is the expectation here. It is not doubted that public
opinion will incline to the belief that the negroes and possibly other Americans lost with
the Armenian knew full well the dangers to which they were exposed, and therefore should
not have taken service on her unless prepared to accept all the consequences. That the
Armenian was carrying horses and mules for the British army is taken for granted, and it
is thought that this will prove a fact [becoming large?] in the public mind. Finally, it
is expected that if reports show that the Armenian was under charter to the British
government, many Americans will agree with the view that Germany will undoubtedly take,
namely [that she] was practically an auxiliary transport of the British government.
Russian Army Camp in Turkish Armenia
Middletown Daily Times-Press, Aug. 10, 1915
(The same story was also reported in The Daily Northwestern, Aug. 14, 1915:
" WARFARE IN ARMENIA ONLY PLAIN MURDER. SOLDIERS SUFFER LESS THAN
NON-COMBATANTS, WOMEN'S BODIES BEING STREWN ALONG THE RUSSIAN TRAIL. STRUGGLE FOR
Sidelights on the War
A Russian Army Camp in Turkish Armenia, Aug. 10 — (Correspondence of the
Associated Press) — The Russian army that is in pursuit of the elusive Turks in
this region have, at this writing, reached the Valley of the Habur, an affluent of
the Tigris, at a point sixty miles south of Van.
On June 2, the right flank of the Russian forces engaged the Turks under Hallid Bey,
near the Tigris, and fought until nightfall, when the Turks made off into darkness.
The Armenian volunteers, who are doing some of the best fighting for the Russians,
began the battle at 9 o'clock in the morning and sustained it alone on open ground
until noon, when General T's cavalry from Sarai came into action. The artillery was
brought up in the afternoon, but by then to Hallid Bay had taken a position on
inaccessible mountains, and since then there has been no contact with him.
Whatever may be true of atrocity stories from other sources. It is certainly a fact
that the warfare in Armenia has resulted in the killing of more non-combatants than
soldiers, and it is doubtful if there is any other area In the world where the war
is so plainly a case of murder.
The Associated Press correspondent has himself seen the corpses of non-combatants,
both men and women, strewn alone every trail that the Russian army has traversed. On
June 4, while climbing: a pass at least 16,000 feet above sea level, two remarkably
handsome Armenians were seen slain beside the road, and nearby lay a Kurdish girl,
dead from starvation and hardship. In a niche of the rocks of the high mountain pass
there was found a deserted baby softly crying beneath a saddle blanket.
At one point a group of thirty Armenian women gathered at the mid- day halting place
of the Russian soldiers on the crest of the pass, and moaned for food and clothes,
but there was nothing to spare them, as the soldiers themselves were without bread
or fuel to cook their super-abundant mutton. They were in a district where even dry
weeds failed them for fire-building purposes, and there were no more villages to
destroy for roof timbers. Even the veteran campaigners of the Russo- Turkish war of
1877-8 and of every Russian campaign since then are sickened by the conditions with
which they come in daily contact in this devastated land, and especially by the
emergence of the brute Instincts to kill and destroy.
The roads and sheep paths everywhere are bestrewn with the possessions of the Kurds
of Van vilayet and on the mountains and In the valleys there graze countless
thousands of their abandoned sheep. Dead horses, broken saddles, harness and torn
uniforms testify also to the rapid weakening of the Turkish regulars.
One mountain stream was found bridged with rugs and carpets laid on roof timbers
from a neighboring village. Another was formed of the bodies of sheep, similarly
The Kurds have borne the brunt of the Turkish retreat, and in addition to the
leaving behind of their cattle, they have abandoned their rich carpets and rugs, and
so much rough carded wool, that in places the wool lies thick enough to pave the
The Russian military students in this camp claim that the present progress of their
forces has cast a shade even upon the crossing of the Alps by Hannibal and Napoleon.
Almost daily this army has had to cross worse than Alpine heights. The best maps
have proven unreliable, and there have been no competent native guides. Detachments
have gone three or four days at a time without a pound of bread or rye toast, and a.
general halt was made necessary today by the almost total lack of salt, sugar, bread
and barley. The horses have climbed up and down many steep slopes 2,000 feet high on
grass alone. The last great pass, a snowy waste of many miles, is marked by scores
of dead and dying horses. In some places the ground to be traversed was covered with
snow hundreds of feet deep. In other places horses had to be led over narrow,
melting snow bridges across swirling streams. To slip was to be engulfed and that
fate befell three of the Russian soldiers.
In the sunshine it is blistering and blinding, at night there is frost, Last night
fresh snow fell on the heights around the camp. The camel train arrived last night,
24 hours late. The men had to sleep the night before in the open. Scarcely a dozen
camp fires of scanty dried stubble blazed long enough to boil tea and those too
thinly covered to sleep had to walk in the dark to avoid freezing.
To complete the desperation, the bivouac chanced to be in a place overgrown with
poisonous weeds, while the starving horses ate greedily. As a result fifty or sixty,
including General N's mount, were dead before morning.
For a week life has been reduced to its elements. Thousands of men think day and
night of nothing but the primal animal needs. Warmth, food and rest are paradise
here. The Russian soldier and still more the Armenian volunteer, is resourceful.
Failing tea, bread and meat, he fares forth to milk, fat-tailed or Angora sheep.
Boots are wearing out and of course there is no depot. Here, too, the soldiers
resort to self help with the aid of freshly skinned horse hides.
Yet there has been scarcely a word of complaint and the chief regret is that they
have been able to force their enemy to accept a decisive engagement.
The genocide poster boy
from the two "remarkably handsome" Armenian men, and the women who would
have dared to openly meet this regiment, it appears the main sufferers here were
Muslims. This is a rare Western report shedding light on these invisible victims,
even admitting "the Kurds have borne the brunt."
Two questions come to mind: what became of that abandoned baby? (Is it... is it
possible the Armenian soldiers would have saved its life?) And secondly, would the
Kurdish girl, dead from starvation and hardship, have looked much better than the
"genocide poster boy," shown above? Why is he regarded as a victim of
"genocide," and not her?
|Turks Driven Back — Armenians Big Help
Cedar Rapids Republican, July 18, 1915
TURKS DRIVEN BACK FROM PASS
APPROACH TO VAN IN HANDS OF RUSSIAN ADVANCE GUARD
ARMENIANS BIG HELP
Threatened Massacre or Christians by Turks and Kurds Averted by Victories of
Russians In Turkish Armenia
Dehr, (Vilayet of Van) Turkish Armenia, May 18.—(via Petrograd, June 6):—
Outposts of the Russian forces here are bivouacking 10,000 feet above sea level
around the region of the Haneour pass, marking the approach to Van, the capital of
the Armenian vilayet, which is an important [seat] of American missions. The pass
itself has been taken back into Russian control by an operation in which the
Armenians cleared the surrounding hills of scattered Turks and Kurds. From the
number of empty cartridges found in the yielded trenches, it is apparent that the
Turks lacked marksmen rather than ammunition.
Bashkala, the most important town between Dilman and Van was re-occupied today by
Russian cavalry, which drove off about fifty Kurds, and with this event the long
expected advance on Van began in earnest. The great question agitating the minds of
the Russians and of the Armenian volunteers is whether they will arrive in time to
save the beleaguered Armenians of Van from slaughter.
(Note: Cable despatches from Turkish Armenia in the middle of June said briefly that
the Russian forces had occupied Van, and that the threatened massacre of Christians
by Kurds and Turks had been averted).
The Armenian volunteers have behaved well in this campaign, as they did in Dilman.
Here they held an exposed trench fourteen hours after Turkish fire without relief
and then advanced on the wavering enemy. The head of the Armenian volunteers has
been a leader of revolutionary bands for twenty years. A silent, observant man with
bronzed features, shaggy brows and mustache, he might pose for a western sheriff.
Samson Khan, his chief ot staff, as a striking contrast. He is typically Armenian in
his vivacity, but an indispensable aide, as the leader does not speak Russian. The
detachment of Armenian volunteers, numbering about 1,000, is composed of only
fifteen per cent Russian Armenians, the remainder being more or less recent refugees
from Turkish oppression. There are two from America, one from China, and quite a
number from Armenian colonies in Bulgaria and Rumania. One of the men from America
abandoned a prosperous business In New York to help free his race. Another was
professor of archeology at Petrograd. A third was a teacher in an Armenian college
at Yalta. The junior surgeon was educated In the American college in Beirut. Many
expect to emigrate to America after the war.
So far, the Russian pursuit of the Turkish army has been largely a question of
communications. The slope from the plain of Salmas to the [Honeuur] pass is long,
but in the main regular and could be traversed in an automobile, but the pass itself
is a difficult divide of fully ten miles with many steep ascents. The mountains,
upwards of 8,000 feet high, are so far bare of snow but also are void of any
vegetation except short grass and early field flowers. Not a bush or tree has been
seen since the plain was left behind, and the snow-clad mountain masses ahead do not
promise fuel. The soldiers gathered dry weeds to boil their tea kettles until Dehr
was reached. There dismantled Armenian houses afforded firewood. The train is
composed of camels, pack-horses, mules and donkeys.
Dehr is the seat of an ancient monastery whose foundation is lost in traditions of
the early Christians. The present fortress-like church was probably built over 1200
years ago. Bullets and shells did no damage to the six-foot thick walls but
everything movable was destroyed and defaced by the Turks and Kurds. The village was
plundered and dismantled. The Turks seem bent on the total destruction of Armenian
culture. The villagers were killed or enslaved or escaped without any of their
possessions. But with the hope and determination of their race, they are already
returning to rebuild their homes.
|Kurdistan Villages Robbed of Population
The Dallas News, July 13, 1915
MANY BODIES FOUND CRAMMED IN WELLS
Kurdistan Villages Robbed of Population
In Bashkala 500 Women and Children Were Divided Among Harems of Hasem Bey and Hashi Bey.
Correspondence of the Associated Press. Russo-Armenian Camp, near Bashkala, Kurdistan, May
24. — For a perfect epitome of conditions in this region it is necessary to stop only a
few yards from Bashkala on the Chukh road to the hamlet of Heresan. There today the
Associated Press correspondent found sixty Armenian men, all that are known to remain
alive and free in a population of 500 — not a single woman or child but what had been
killed or carried away by the Turks and Kurds.
Half a dozen wells were crammed with the bodies of those who had not been carried away.
Sherabeg, a Kurdish chief, began the ravages last fall, killing a score of men and
carrying off thousands of heads of cattle. Some sixty of the sturdiest of the survivors
fled to a monastery about fifteen miles away to procure arms and help, but they could not
recapture their village, and had to flee for their lives, leaving the remaining population
in the power of the Kurds. The latter camped at Heresan all winter and used the women and
children as they chose. Immediately after the defeat of the Turkish troops under Hallil
Bey, at Dilman, the Kurds foresaw their expulsion and made an end of such of the female
and youthful population as they did not take away in slavery.
City Now Abandoned.
In Bashkala there is no one living now. But lately it was a flourishing and picturesque
Asiatic city with many well-stocked stores and comfortable homes. Many of the houses were
two-story structures of brick with tasteful balconies. There was an abundance of good rugs
and some European furniture. The population comprised 1,500 Armenians, a few Jews and
perhaps 3.000 Moslems. Of the Armenians 500 women and children had been carried away and
divided between the harems of Hassem Bey and Hashi Bey, Kurdish chiefs. The remainder had
perished or fled. The Bashkala Moslems had also paid dearly, for their handsome city was
looted, dismantled and burned. There were fires in a dozen places when The Associated
Press correspondent visited the city today with a Russian General and his staff. The
revenge on the Moslems had been worked in spite of the strict injunctions issued by both
the Russian and Armenian leaders. The Armenian volunteers were particularly enraged
because the Moslems, and, it is said, the Jewish merchants also, betrayed the Armenians,
who had been friendly to the Russians on their first advance on Bashkala last year.
It is characteristic of the bitterness between the two races, that twenty-five Heresan
recruits serving in the Turkish army were killed outright in the way of reprisal when news
was received of the Turkish defeat at Dilman.
With Russian General.
The correspondent has been riding almost daily with General N--- of the Russian army, or
Andranik, the Armenian leader, in pursuit of the illusive Turkish army under Hallil Bey.
It was disclosed today that at least part of the Turkish forces were in a superb position
on the slope of a high mountain flanked by some still higher. The Russian artillery
succeeded in sending the forces to cover, but there was no general engagement. There has
been a warm crossfiring between outposts, and on May 20 the Armenians succeeded in driving
the Kurds from some of their mountain strongholds behind Bashkala and from the eastern
side of the pass of Shukh. It yet remains to be seen whether the Turkish forces, which
were shelled today, are of full strength.
One thing which impressed an American visitor in this region is the excellence of the
grain fields of the upland plains. As good as they are in some places, the country would
gain enormously from the application of American irrigation methods and modern
agricultural work. Whatever may be the issue of the war, it seems quite possible that this
will come to pass, for all Armenians look upon America as their schoolmaster.
Holdwater: Wonder which on-the-spot "eyewitness" provided the report that
500 Armenian women were doled out among the Kurdish "harems." (Was this a time
for sexual tomfoolery?)
At least the reporter eked out a few words that Muslims had been victimized by Armenians,
in spite of the "strict injunctions issued by ... Armenian leaders." (Indeed,
the sound you heard was that of a stifled snicker.) Importantly, there is rare word that
Jews had also been victims of the Armenians. Why? The Jews had "betrayed" the
Armenians, because the Armenians had been "friendly" to the Russians... the
enemies of their country.
Tell Terrible Tales of Turk Cruelty
The Lethbridge Daily Herald (Alberta), September 18, 1915
AMERICANS TELL TERRIBLE TALES OF TURK CRUELTY, HAD TO LEAVE ARMENIA
Russians Find Trenches Choked With Bodies of Armenians Massacred by Barbarian Allies of
Petrograd, via London, Sept. 18.— Dr. Clarence D. Ussher, Mr. and
Mrs. Yarrow, and thirteen other persons, comprising the missionary staff at Van, Turkish
Armenia, passed through Petrograd, today, on their way to Bergen, Norway, having had to
abandon. to pillage and flame the result of seventy years work at Van.
His racist book was the basis
for Atom Egoyan's ARARAT.
Aged, but dauntless, Mrs. Reynolds broke her leg In the hurried flight from Van, and died
at Tiflis two days before her husband reached there from America. Mrs. Ussher died of
typhus fever shortly before the flight. Dr. Ussher was attacked the same day as his wife
was stricken. He is still scarcely able to walk, although he has recovered from the
The entire party suffered hardships on the road.
Van again is in the hands of the Russians, who are declared to have found the canals and
trenches choked with untold thousands of bodies of Armenians who had been unable to
escape, and were killed. It .is stated that in addition to the mission compound, all the
better buildings in the city were destroyed, including the home of the governor and the
headquarters or the Armenian government.
The massacre, the missionaries report, was directed by Jevdet Bey, who had burned the
compound before retiring from the first siege of Van in the early summer. When Jevdet
returned he took a terrible vengeance for the raising of the siege by the Armenian
Holdwater: Some of you might be wondering what this blatant
work of missionary propaganda is doing on this page. It's to show that when you look
closely, sometimes even in the most shamelessly racist and dishonest presentations, the
grains of truth can slip through. Why did these "barbarians" behave in the way
the hateful missionary partisans reported? The key word is "vengeance." Even
here, it was difficult to keep under wraps the plain fact that the Armenians had betrayed
their country, with the implication that they just may have committed terrible crimes of
Armenians Loot Turk Homes in Retaliation
The Dallas News, October 6, 1915
ARMENIANS LOOT TURK HOMES IN RETALIATION
AMERICAN MISSIONARIES ARRIVING IN NEW YORK GIVE NEW VIEW OF TROUBLE.
STORY OF VAN'S DEFENSE
Turks and Kurds Waging Holy War on Christians With Intention of Extermination.
New York, Oct. 5. - The Turks and Kurds are waging a holy war of extermination on
the Armenians, according to sixteen members of the Armenian board of foreign
missions, who arrived today from Van, Turkey. Ernest Yarrow, one of the
missionaries, told how the Armenian population of Van, numbering 1,500, held out
against 5,000 Kurds and a Turkish company commanded by a German officer, from April
20 to May 17, when Russians arrived and relieved the town.
"We had six American and two Red Cross flags." said Mr. Yarrow, "and
we flew these over the mission, but they were not respected by either of the
combatants. The Turkish company arrived three or four days before the Russian relief
came, and the shrapnel from the Turkish guns tore down all of our flags.
"We sheltered large numbers of Armenian women and children, but as soon as the
Turks and Kurds had been driven away from the town, virtually all of the Armenians
turned out to loot the Turkish houses and duplicate the atrocities that had
previously been practiced upon the Armenians. It was with great difficulty that they
"The Turks and Kurds have declared a holy war against the Armenians and vowed
to exterminate them. The population of Van was poorly armed and was forced to use
brass and copper trinkets to make bullets. Three small cannon were made of scrap
metal. The supplies of ammunition were running short and the Russians arrived just
in time to save the Armenians from being wiped out."
Mr. Yarrow said many Armenians were suffering from typhus and other diseases and
when he left conditions almost everywhere in Armenia were terrible. Half of the
missionaries were taken ill during the siege and six died. Mr. Yarrrow said only a
portion of the real story had been told.
Holdwater: In April, 1915 there were 33,789 Armenians in the city of
Van, out of some 100,000 for the province. This does not take into account the many
thousands of Armenian fighters who had piled into Van, which Morgenthau had estimated as close to
25,000. Yet the lying missionary Yarrow, in an attempt to show how poor and helpless
his beloved Armenians were, vouched for "1,500." He also would distort the
fact that the Armenians possessed superior weaponry (for example, as sophisticated
Mauser firearms working like machine guns), which the Armenians had stockpiled well
in advance of their planned rebellion.
Although the headline promises a telling of Armenian crimes, the accent surely
needed to fall upon the "extermination" efforts of the Turks, outnumbered
and out-resourced as they were. We are asked to believe the Armenians were
"restrained" from their very real extermination efforts, but at least
Yarrow was being inadvertently truthful by stating, "only a portion of the real
story had been told."
|Armenians Slay Turks in Revolt
Oakland Tribune, Feb 21, 1916
Armenians Slay Turks in Revolt
Grand Duke’s Victory Disrupts Islam
ROME, Feb. 21—It is stated in dispatches received here that the Germans are preparing to
leave Constantinople, where their position has become difficult.
The Russian line is reported already from thirty to sixty miles west of Erzerum.
The Turkish debacle in Armenia surpasses all imagination. No unit remains intact, and the
debris of the army in flight is being massacred by the insurgent Armenian population.
The Armenians have now begun giving organized aid to the Russians. After the massacres of
last year by the Turks, all the able-bodied men who escaped enlisted in the Russian army
and Grand Duke Nicholas now has under his command a force of 50,000 Armenian volunteers.
Information from Constantinople depicts the situation there as tragic. No direct news has
reached the Turkish capital from Asia Minor for ten days, but the Greeks have informed the
Turks of the catastrophe at Erzurum. Agitation and revolt are the order of the day. The
troops refuse to march toward Asia.
The Sultan has summoned the principal authorities of the empire to take decisions of
(A variation is below)
Victorious (with 50,000 Armenian volunteers)
From The New Oxford. The same article was reproduced
in The Frederick Post (Maryland), Feb. 23, 1916, with similar headings:
"Russians Win Van District Drive South. Menaces Turks' Mesopotamia Army.
SLAVS ARE NEAR TREBIZOND. Turkish Losses In Past Two Weeks' Fighting Said to be
Nearly 100,000. Bitlis Reported Evacuated."; the text below begins with
"London, Feb. 22.")
Russians Victorious in War District
The Russians have occupied the entire Lake Van district, the Turks retiring
southward and even evacuating Bitlis, according to a Petrograd despatch received in
Rome and given out by the wireless press.
On the other wing, according to the despatch, the Russian advance guards have
arrived within a short distance of Trebizond, on the Black sea coast.
Earlier despatches show that the Russians are pressing their advance on both flanks.
Driving the Turkish rear guards before them with heavy losses, one of their armies
is advancing rapidly toward Diarbekr, on the Tigris river.
Diabekr is only fifty miles from the Constantinople-Bagdad railway, the only line of
communication for the Turkish army in Mesopotamia.
Turkish losses in the past two weeks' fighting with the Russians are said to be
nearly 100,000 men in killed, wounded and prisoners. The kaiser is reported to have
sent an imperative message to Field Marshal von Der Goltz, the chief military
adviser of the Turkish army, that the advance of the Russians must be stopped at any
It is reported on excellent authority that a big German force is being massed east
of Constantinople for the protection of the Turkish capital. The menace of the
Russian invasion of Turkey is more dangerous that at any other time during the
course of the war. Approximately 250,000 Russians have poured through the passes of
the Caucasian mountains supported by enormous quantities of artillery.
Along the Black sea littoral Russian warships are bombarding Turkish towns.
Information received in Rome that the Turkish rout in the Caucasus surpasses all
imagination. No unit remains intact and the debris of the army in flight is being
massacred by the insurgent population.
All able-bodied Armenians who escaped from Turkish conscription have enlisted in
the Russian army. Grand Duke Nicholas, it is reported, has now 50,000 Armenian
volunteers under his command.
Emphasis of last paragraph is Holdwater's: That would
be a lot of Ottoman-Armenians, busting the myth that the Armenians who served with
the Russians were composed primarily of Russian-Armenians.
|Armenian Volunteers Aided General Allenby
Manitoba Free Press, Winnipeg, Oct. 5, 1918; the same article was also in the
same-dated The Ogden Examiner, Utah: "ARMENIAN VOLUNTEERS BATTLING
TURK WITH VICTORIOUS BRITISH.")
Armenian Volunteers Aided General Allenby
Boston, Oct. 4.—Announcement that Armenian volunteers, many of them from this
country, participated in the British victory over the Turks in Palestine, under
General Allenby, was contained in cablegrams received today at the headquarters here
of the Armenian National Union of America.
Officials of the union here explained that the fact that Armenians are fighting with
the British in Palestine had not been made known heretofore because of the fear of
massacres of their countrymen by the Turks.
Holdwater: Had the Brits been aware of the concept of
genocide that would arrive years later, they would have needed to ask how those
Armenians they feared would be in line for massacres would have still been alive in
the first place.
Of interest in this piece is this rare acknowledgement: "The Seventh Ally" of the
Entente were not only fighting with the Russians and the French, but with the
British, as well.
|America's Only Terms to the Huns: Unconditional Surrender
The Ogden Examiner, Utah, October 5, 1918
America's Only Terms to the Huns: Unconditional Surrender
ADEQUATE punishment for the military autocrats who plunged the world into war in 1914 and
who have since carried on a campaign of ruthlessness against civilized peoples must be
meted out at the war end. Justice to the remainder of the world demands that these men,
the worst murderers of all history, should suffer the direst of penalties. At the same
time, the peoples who have approved of their acts and who have assisted in their campaigns
of ruthlessness should suffer penalties.
Richard H. Edmonds, writing in the Manufacturers' Record has made a suggestion regarding
the penalties that should be . provided for. Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria and
His suggestion follows:
Unconditional surrender of armies and navies.
The death penalty. Inflicted upon the kaiser and. every male member of the Hohenzollern
and Hapsburg families who have been parties to this war, and every military and political
lender responsible for bringing on this world crime.
Full payment in ships or in money for every ship sunk by German submarines.
The restoration in money or materials of every product — whether of art, or machinery,
or foodstuffs, or raw material, or jewelry, or cars, or locomotives, or securities, or.
money, of which Germany has looted other countries.
A financial indemnity to the family of every soldier who has been murdered or permanently
invalided in the armies of America and our allies, and a similar pension or payment to
every man and woman from thn over-run countries who have been enslaved by Germany and made
to work on its farms or in its factories.
The repudiation or confiscation of every dollar of bonded Indebtedness of every kind
outstanding against Germany, Austria, Turkey and Bulgaria and held by any of the citizens
of these countries, the total amount of these bonds to be used toward the payment of the
cost of the war to the allies. To this should be added an additional indemnity sufficient
to cover all the expenditure made by America and our allies In carrying on this war.
Turkey forever banished from Europe.
There are a few more penalties that should be inflicted — because they are only justice
to the peoples who have been under the Hun dominion. Alsace-Lorraine should be returned to
France; Bohemia and Galicia, with intervening territory should be made a free country;
Poland, including territory in both Germany and Austria, should be freed; the Jugo-Slav
territories should be joined with Serbia or placed as a free nation; ltalian-settled lands
on the Adriatic and in the Alps should be returned to Italy; Transylvania should be
returned to Rumania; Armenia freed and Palestine placed under Christian rule. Besides,
while Denmark has not been in the war, it would be justice to force the return of the
stolen Danish provinces to that country by Germany.
Provision should be made that none of the sunken ships, upon being salvaged, should or
could become, the property of Germany.
There should be no terms of a "soft peace" and no terms that would permit the
Germans to organize for another war. They should be made to suffer for the misdeeds
comitted [sic] since 1914 and given such a lesson that no effort at militarism would again
be considered. The lesson thus taught to Germany would also serve as the precedent in all
future world affairs, a precedent meaning that the free nations of the world intend that
autocracy shall be banished and real liberty remain.
Holdwater: We've all heard of the term "poor
loser," but talk about being a poor winner.
Good thing all of this "Christian forgiveness" prevented the Germans from
organizing for another war. How come, by the way, is only Turkey singled out for being
"forever banished from Europe," along with other major territorial losses, as
with Palestine and "Armenia"?
Go to Europe to Fight for the Allies
The Racine-Journal News, August 31, 1917
ARMENIANS GO TO EUROPE TO FIGHT FOR THE ALLIES
Word has been received by Mr. Armen Babian. 604 State street, this city that a group
of 20 Armenian volunteers to fight for the allies in Europe, have arrived In
Bordeaux, France. K. Hagopian, a former Racine tailor, has sent a postal card from
there. As the above group only left Detroit Aug. 4 and the post card is marked Aug.
14, this is declared to be a remarkably fast trip considering present conditions.
|Armenia Loyal to the Allies
The Racine Journal-News, November 22, 1918
ARMENIA LOYAL TO ALLIES
Archag Tchobanian in The Armenian Herald: The Armenian tragedy has become more than ever
what it always has been — a somber and magnificent epic. By the infamous treaty of
Brest-Litovsk the wretched Bolsheviks accepted, as is well known, to use their best
endeavors to bring about the retrocession to Turkey, not only of all the territories of
Turkish Armenia, which the Caucasian army with the help of Armenian volunteers wrested
from the Turks after such hard fought battles and sacrifices, but also the retrocession of
the districts of Batoum Ardahan, and Kars, the occupation of which placed at the mercy of
the Turks Russian Armenia — the last refugee, the last citadel of the Armenian national
life. No sooner was the treaty of Brest-Litovsk signed by the contracting parties than the
Russian soldiers in tbe Caucasus withdrew from the front. The Turks took advantage of the
favorable situation thus created for them, and again assumed the offensive. The Armenians,
however, did not hesitate. They organized an army under the command of the hero of
Armenian liberty, Gen. Andranik, who was ably assisted by two Armenian officers of the
Russian army — Gens. Nazarbekoff and Bagratouni. They were soon joined by their
neighbors, the Georgians. This resistance was accompanied under the most painful and
unsatisfactory circumstances for the Armenians. The entire Armenian nation remained
loyal to the cause of liberty and to the allies. Armenian volunteers who fought in
France, Palestine and in the Oriental legion were made up chiefly of Armenians from
America. The allied nations will not forget the sufferings endured and the heroism
displayed by Armenia in the course of this conflagration, and will restore to resuscitated
Armenia her freedom and her independence to which she is entitled.
Emphasis above is Holdwater's.
Recapture Erzerum After a Battle with the Turks
Bridgeport Telegram (Connecticut — "New England's Greatest
Manufacturing City"), April 5, 1918
ARMENIANS RECAPTURE ERZERUM, AFTER A BATTLE WITH THE TURKS
Natives, in Revolt at Massacres, Fight Oppressors
London, April 4.— Erzerum, the principal city of Turkish Armenia, is reported in
an Exchange Telegraph despatch from Moscow to have been recaptured from the Turks by
an Armenian corps, aided by a detachment of Armenian volunteers.
The Armenians are reported, to be holding other territories in the Erzerum district.
After the conclusion of peace with Turkey, Russia evacuated Turkish Armenia which
the Turks re-occupied. They began a fresh series of massacres and the Armenians
undertook the organization of an army to defend themselves.
(Also on the cover, the headline: "1,000 French Men & Women Send [sic] to
Slavery by Huns," a report claiming that French civilians from occupied
northern France were sent to Russia by Germany to perform hard labor,
"according to information obtained by Baron Cochin, formerly a member of the
French cabinet." They were initially offered for exchange with "Alsatians
who have escaped to France.")
Holdwater: on the same
day, there was the totally contradictory report below in another newspaper,
attesting to the Turks' having taken Erzurum. In addition, although the Russians
were out of the war, and peace held sway between the Turks and the Russians, we
learn the Soviets socked it to the Turks.
Oakland Tribune, April 4, 1918, front page
LONDON, April 1— Erzerum. the principal city of Turkish Armenia. is reported in an
Exchange Telegraph despatch from Moscow, to have been recaptured from the Turks by
an Armenian corps, aided by a detachment of Armenian volunteers.
(On the same page, in "UKRAINE-HUN FORCE BEATEN BY RUSSIANS...Turco-German
Ships Driven Back by Slavs," it was reported: "Turco-German forces have
been thrown back from the Erzurum-Kars line" (by "the soviets");
"Erzurum is 110 miles south of Batum and was recently recaptured by the
|Armenians Seek Original Country & Independence
Janesville Daily, Jan. 27, 1919
ARMENIANS SEEK ORIGINAL COUNTRY AND INDEPENDENCE
Map shows Armenia which wants peace conference to restore original boundaries and
grant its independence.
Armenians are looking to the peace conference to restore all of Armenia to its
people and make it a separate state, says Dr. James L. Barton, president of
Euphrates college. Armenia, for nine years, and now secretary of the Armenian board
of commissioners for foreign of Turkish, Russia and Persian missions. Armenia now
consists Armenians. The population totals principally Armenians.
Holdwater: Of course, the English is not the only mixed
up part of the above caption.
|Turkey has a Greek Peril
The Dallas News, Nov. 18, 1914; thanks to Asli for
having transcribed the following two articles.
TURKEY HAS A GREEK PERIL
"Idea" Behind Hellenic Policy Is Retrieval of Byzantine Empire.
All Greek policy is founded upon and guided by one deep-seated resolve, known as the
"great idea." Now the great idea means the reunion of the whole Greek race in a
"Greater Greece," which shall revive both the glory of ancient Hellas and the
power of the medieval Byzantine Empire. As such it involves not only the taking of
Constantinople (where the Greeks are today almost as numerous as the Turks), but also the
conquest of Asia Minor. Where a million Greeks form an almost continuous ribbon of
population along the coasts and headlands, thickest on the western Egean shore, but
extending north and east along the Black Sea cost well beyond Trebizond and almost
touching the Russian transcausasian frontier, writes T . Lothrop Stoddard in the North
Furthermore, this Greek population is growing rapidly in both numbers and prosperity.
Protected by foreign influence from Moslem violence, the energetic Greek farmer is
steadily supplanting the easy-going, overtaxed Turkish peasant, and is pressing up the
river valleys toward the inland cities where the keen-witted Greek merchant is wresting
from the half-ruined Armenian his former commercial supremacy.
It is these things, perhaps, far more than wounded vanity which has made the "Young
Turk" Government obstinately refuse the cession of those large islands just off Asia
Minor's Egean shore, for it must be perfectly clear to any competent observer that if
these islands form part of that victorious Greece already supreme throughout the Egean
Sea, the dense Greek population of the mainland will be stirred to such a pitch of
irridentist fervor as must lay Asia Minor open to a perpetual menace of rebellion.
And these facts acquire further significance when we remember that Turkey must at all cost
keep unbroken hold of Asia Minor, since the Anatolian plateau is the home of the real
Turkish race —that great block of 10,000,000 genuine "Osmanli" which is the
very bone and sinew of the Empire. No finer peasantry exists than these folk — frugal,
good-hearted and infinitely patient albeit long impoverished and declining in numbers —
since Turkish peasantry has been conscripted to death for endless European wars and taxed
to death for the support of a prodigal court and a corrupt officialdom.
Holdwater: What? Aren't we told it was only the Armenians targeted
What a nice and rare reporter, writing about Turks without the usual hatred. But now note,
from the same newspaper, three years later:
The Dallas News, Jan. 1, 1918
ONE MILLION GREEKS MASSACRED IN TURKEY
GERMAN EFFICIENCY HAS MADE NATURAL BRUTALITY OF TURK WORSE THAN EVER.
New York, Dec.31. — At least 1,000,000 Greeks, men, women and children, have perished as
the result of organized massacres and deportations by "the Turco-Teutons" in
Asiatic Turkey, according to a statement by Lazaros George Macrides, son of a leading
merchant of Trebizond, made public though the Armenian and Syrian relief committee here
today. Macrides, who recently arrived here, says he was one of a party of 2,000 Greeks
which was rescued by the Russian fleet that bombarded the town of Ordou late last August
and took the refugees abroad. He had been taken to Ordou, he said, when the Turks raided
Trebizond and seized his fathers' store along with those of other Greek merchants.
"Those of us who were between the ages 16 and 60 were drafted into the Turkish
army." said Macrides. "Our women and children and the older men were placed
temporarily in homes and orphanages until the opportunity offered to dispose of them in
the approved Turco-Teuton fashion, which, in this instance, turned out to be very
"The unfortunate survivors of deportation were towed out for several miles into the
Black Sea and then calmly dumped overboard just like so much garbage. None of them
survived. Germany efficiency has simply organized the natural brutality of the Turk and
made it many more times effective than ever before. I should think that at the most
conservative estimate at least 1,000,000 of my fellow-countrymen have perished miserably
through the organized cruelty of this Turco-Teutonic alliance. The future lies in
Holdwater: What is this bozo telling us? All of the Greek men
were drafted, and instead of leaving their families in their residences, the genocidal
Ottoman government actually booted them out and placed hundreds of thousands of
Greek-Ottoman women in mysterious "homes," and the children in orphanages that
the bankrupt government then would have had to take care of and feed until " the
opportunity offered to dispose of them." Furthermore, this shameless liar asserted as
his "most conservative estimate" that "at least 1,000,000... perished
miserably." Since we learned in the previous article there were one million
Greek-Ottomans to begin with, "zero" Greeks must have survived, making this
"genocide" even more successful than the Armenians' famous
It is entirely unsettling that so many Greek and Armenian people feel no compunction
whatsoever in making the most untruthful statements, at least in their relations with
Turks. Where does this "en masse" dishonesty derive from? Mind-boggling.
Armenians in Revolt
Evening Gazette, Oct. 21, 1919
ARMENIANS IN REVOLT
CONSTANTINOPLE, Oct. 21.— Severe fighting is in progress in the vicinity of
Zanghizur, in the Russian Caucasus, between the Armenians and regular troops from
(A revolt recently broke out in the Persian province of Azerbaijan, the population
of which is almost entirely Turkish, which was ascribed in some quarters to protest
against the generally recently concluded Anglo-Persian agreement.)
The regular troops from Azerbaijan province, it is stated, opened the hostilities.
Holdwater: Who "stated" that?
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