Tall Armenian Tale


The Other Side of the Falsified Genocide


  Documents On Ottoman-Armenians, Volume II  
First Page


Major Players
Links & Misc.



Mahmut Ozan
Edward Tashji
Sam Weems


"...[T]hese records were at the time compiled for strictly internal use, i.e. for in-house consideration, and were not intended for public consumption, [so that] one may be reasonably safe in declaring the evidence obtained thusly as incontestable."

Vahakn Dadrian
was not entirely on the mark when he referred to internal German-government reports as "incontestable" (in his "signal facts" article from 2003); the people who prepare such reports could, after all, be mistaken from time to time. However, what is incontestable is that internal reports are prepared largely with honest intent, and may be generally accepted as trustworthy.

The TAT site has stressed Western and Armenian sources to turn the genocide myth on its ear, since these parties were raised with anti-Turkish sentiments, and had no reason to defend the Turks — very much opposed to the sources demonstrating a genocide, who had every reason to be untruthful, or conned by beloved Armenians whispering in their ears. Now, however, it is time for a change.

It would be absurd to write about a nation's history by exclusively relying upon what the enemies of a nation had to say. Yet that is exactly how the "facts" for the "Armenian genocide" have been compiled. Now we can understand with better clarity why Armenian and genocide scholars can be such frauds.

Prof. Justin McCarthy exposes the likes of these propagandists:

Why rely on Ottoman archival accounts to write history? Because they are the sort of solid data that is the basis of all good history. The Ottomans did not write propaganda for today's media. The reports of Ottoman soldiers and officials were not political documents or public relations exercises. They were secret internal reports in which responsible men relayed what they believed to be true to their government. They might sometimes have been mistaken, but they were never liars. There is no record of deliberate deception in Ottoman documents. Compare this to the dismal history of Armenian Nationalist deceptions: fake statistics on population, fake statements attributed to Mustafa Kemal, fake telegrams of Talat Pasha, fake reports in a Blue Book, misuse of court records and, worst of all, no mention of Turks who were killed by Armenians.

What you will be reading below, time after time after time, clearly demonstrate Armenian treachery and belligerence, and the Ottomans' attempts to perform their governmental duty to preserve order. The reports also demonstrate, far from having it in for the Armenians, that the Ottomans attempted to safeguard Armenian lives and properties. In short, they demonstrate that the concept of "genocide" has no basis in reality.

These documents come courtesy of the Turkish "Military History Documents Magazine," and were compiled into three separate volumes by the Turkish "Directorate General of Press and Information," translated into English and French, for distribution on the world stage (wonder how far that effort got?). The names of these books were "Documents I," "Documents on Ottoman Armenians - II" and "...III," and published in 1982, 1983 and 1986, respectively. The Ottoman originals were also included in these books, where they may be accessed in the .PDF file version of these books, made available on the University of Louisville's web site: Vol. 1, Vol. 2, and Vol. 3.

An average of a quarter-century has passed since these volumes first appeared, and yet it appears no Turkish person, governmental or civilian, has taken the trouble to make these very valuable documents available on the Internet. Isn't that incredible?

What is below has been faithfully reproduced for the most part (for example, retaining the quaint British spelling), but some errors in English have been corrected.






1)   1893 (89) 18 September 1914 Resolutions of Armenian strategists in pre-First World War days

2)  1894 (90) 24 September 1914 Coded message from Third Army Commander on promises of independence by Russians to Armenians.

3) 1895 (91) 7 October 1914 Report by Intelligence Officer Ahmet from Russia on Armenian activities.

4) 1896 (92) 20 October 1914 Report by Eleskirt Border Battalion on assembly of Armenian Army deserters in Kagizman.

5) 1897 (93) 23 October 1914 Report from Third Army Command to the Supreme Command on assembly of Armenians in Kagizman.

6) 1898 (94) 24 October 1914 Report from Erzurum province on capture of Armenian mail raiders.

7) 1899 (95) 31 October 1914 Letter by Erzurum Provincial authority on the formation of gangs by Armenian army deserters.

8) 1900 (96) 9/10 November 1914 Letter by 3rd Army Communications Zone Inspectorate on Armenian raid on the mail.

9) 1901 (97) 31 January 1915 Report by General Directorate for security on secret communications of the Armenian Patriarch with foreign sources through the Italian Embassy.

10)1902 (98) 19 February 1915 Coded message from Elazig on armed clash between Armenians and Gendarmerie in a follow-up operation for deserters in which two gendarmes were killed

11)1903 (99) ( ) 1915 Report on meeting of Armenian Ottoman Parliament members Papasian and Viremian in Erzurum with Dashnak delegates from Caucasia, their resolutions, and provocations by officers, doctors and enlisted men of Armenian origin in the Ottoman Army.

12)1904 (100) 27 March 1915 Coded message from 10th Army Corps Command on attacks by Armenians on the gendarmerie in Bafra, Tokat and Susehri, and ammunition and arms captured from Armenians.

13)1905 (101) 30 March 1915 Coded message received by Ministry of Defence on clashes between Armenian gangs and a military detachment sent from Silvan to Mus and arms and money seized.

14)1906 (102) 6 April 1915 Report by Special Organisation Volunteer Battalion on Armenian activities in Ulukisla, Sivas and Erzincan and on the Armenians' possession of 30,000 weapons.

15) 1907 (103) 20 April 1915 Order from the Ministry of Defence to the Third Army Command on capturing Armenian and Greek army deserters.

16) 1908 (104) 20 April 1915 Coded message from 10th Army Corps command on arms and ammunition captured in Armenian villages of Horasan and Hafik.

17)1909 (105) 21 April 1915 Urgent emergency coded message from Governor of Van on Armenians' preparations for revolt.

18)1910 (106) 22 April 1915 Affidavit statements of parents of an Armenian army deserter from the 5th Army Corps.

19)1911 (107) 22/23ApriI 1915 Coded Message from the Governor of Sivas on Armenians arming against Ottoman rule.

20)1912 (108) 27 April 1915 Coded message from the Governor of Diyarbakir on arms, ammunition, explosives and military uniforms captured from Armenians.

21)1913 (109) 28 April 1915 Cable from 11th Army Corps Command seizure on the capture of arms and explosives from a concealed cache at the house of Armenian Artin in Diyarbakir.

22)1914 (110) 30 April 1915 Coded message received by the Fourth Army Command on imports of arms by the Armenian Charity Association and its political affiliations.

23)1915 (111) 13 May 1915 Letter to requesting Hunchak Committee Secretary Negyazarian, on trail before Martial Law Court, to be sent to Kayseri to help uncover hidden arms and ammunition.

24)1916 (112) 30 May 1915 Regulation on housing, accommodation and lodging of Armenians being settled in other places because of the state of war, emergency situation and political necessity.

25)1917 (113) 28 June 1915 Coded message from 10th Army Corps Command and massacres by Armenians in Karakus subdistrict.

26)1918 (114) 16 July 1915 Report by the Gendarmerie detachment on the protection of Armenian convoys against attacks by Kurdish gangs.

27)1919 (1 15) 23/24 July 1915 Cable by Konya Conscription Office on crimes and destruction by a 300-strong Armenian gang in Bogazliyan.

28)1920 (116) 27 July 1915 Letter from 1st Army Corps Command on measures against 300-strong Armenian Gang which raided Bogazliyan.

29)1921 (117) 30/31 July 1915 Coded message of Third Army Command repeating instructions for the protection of the Armenians transferred to inner regions and order not to allow any insult or humiliation to them.

30)1922 (118) 29 September 1915 Coded cable from Urfa local authority requesting assistance from the 4th Army Corps Command against rebelling Armenians who wounded three gendarmes.

31) 1923 (119) 21 January 1916 Correspondence related to a $100,000 donation by Armenians living in the United States through the Permanent Mutual Assistance Committee of Philadelphia for Armenians in need.  

32) 1924 (120) 9 April 1916 Cable from the 5th Army Corps Conscription Office on abduction of four Moslem women of Caykapu village of Tosya by armed Armenian gangs.

33) 1925 (121) 10 February 1917 Coded cable from Adana Gendarmerie Command of armed clash between a 3C-strong Armenian gang and the gendarmerie.

34) 1926 (122) ( ? ) 1917 Report on Armenian cruelties and atrocities to the local population in Ottoman lands evacuated by Russian occupation forces.

35) 1927 (123) 24 May 1917 Correspondence related to attacks on Moslem Population by Armenian gang in 1915 on Adana-Maras Road.

36) 1928 (124) 2 February 1918 Letter from Third Army Commander General Mehmed Vehib to Commander-in-Chief of Russian Caucasian Armies General Perjovalsky on Armenian cruelties and atrocities to the Moslem population in territories evacuated by Russian Occupation forces.

37) 1929 (125) 3 February 1918 Army reports on Armenian cruelty to Turkish population and information received from refugees and deserters.

38) 1930 (126) 6 February1918 Coded message from 1st Caucasian Army Corps Command to Third Army Command on indiscriminate murdering of Moslems the aged, women and children alike, by Armenians in Erzincan and gun-fire on villages. There will be no living human being left, if no help arrives within days, said the message.

39) 1931 (127) 7 February 1918 Translation from Russian of the affidavit statement of Russian Captain Kazmir from 13th Turkistan Snipers Regiment who witnessed Armenian murders, plunder, destruction and atrocities.

40)1932 (128) 7 February 1918 Orders from Third Army Commander General Vehib to attached army corps on fair and humanitarian treatment of all populations without discrimination, to comply with the "Geneva Convention" for hospitals and patients and strictly abide by laws and regulations in all applications to the local people in the advance operation following the agreement with the Russians.

41)1933 (129) 8 February 1918 Information on Armenian cruelties in Erzincan given by four Turks who escaped.

42)1934 (130) 1918 Report by 13th Caucasian Regiment Commander on Armenian cruelties in Bayburt.

43)1935 (131) 23 February 1918 Third Army Command Report on the murder and burning of 300 defenceless Moslem Turks by Armenians.

44)1936 (132) 27 February 1918 Summaries of cables from the Third Army Command to the National News Agency, foreign and local newspapers, on Armenian cruelties.

45)1937 (133) 1918 Statement of Ali from Hospiya on Armenian cruelties he witnessed as prisoner of war at Ahilkelek.

46)1938 (134) 21 April 1918 Report from Group Command to Third Army Command on repeated Armenian cruelties to the Turkish population in the region between Ahilkelek and Ardahan.

47)1939 (135) 25 April 1918 Letter from the Third Army Command to the Supreme Command assuring just, civilised and humanitarian treatment to all Armenian and Greek populations in Kars, Ardahan, Artvin and Caucasia upon liberation of these provinces from occupation.

48)1940 (136) 5 May 1918 Cable to General Headquarters on the murders massacre and destruction by Armenians in Erzurum.

49)1941 (137) 8/9 May 1918 Cable to General Headquarters on the murder and destruction by Armenians in Mamahatun.

50)1942 (138) 17 May 1918 6th Army Command's Sitcation Report on Armenian cruelties in Baku, Tiflis, Genc and Eastern Caucasia.

51)1943 (139) 14 July 1918 Letter from Third Army Commander replying the official letter of P. Donikalatozev, leading figure of the Armenian Catholic Community of Batum, assuring fair and humanitarian treatment to Armenians and all other groups living in Ottoman territories; :hat of their lives, dignity and porperty security is guaranteeing and saying problems which arise can always be discussed and settled mutually.

52)1944 (140) 26 July 1918 Report by Caucasian Islamic Army Commander Nuri Pasha on horrible murders of the Moslem population by Armenians in Gence and Baku regions.

53)1945 (141) 27 July 1918 Report by a Turkish Officer sent to Erivan as delegate by the 9th Army indicating that "Moslem Turks under the jurisdiction of the Armenian Government face a constant threat."

54)1946 (142) 30 December 1918 Coded message from 9th Army Command to the Ministry of Defence on the British seizing arms and equipment of Turkish troops and handing them over to Armenians in Batum.



This is the second book compiled of documents from the Turkish Military History Archives showing the hostility provoked by the Armenian militants and the atrocities committed by them toward the Ottoman State and the Turkish Moslems of Anatolia during the First World War years. The facsimiles of the original documents in the old Turkish script together with their modern Turkish transcriptions in Latin alphabet were published in the periodical "Military History Documents" No. 8311983 by the Military History and Strategic Studies Department of the Turkish General Staff. The English translation of the Documents is presented to enlighten the world public opinion on the real nature of the historic facts and to encourage research activities in this field.

Necati Ozkaner

In other words, the purpose of publishing these documents is not to revive the hatred and enmity continuously fanned today by distorting the past but to demonstrate in an unbiased way the baselessness of the genocide allegations. Documents published herein again reveal in a catalogue the Armenian atrocities and massacres perpetrated on Turkish people during the First World War years. The documents also very explicitly demonstrate the just and fair treatment accorded by the Ottoman Administration to all citizens. irrespective of their religion, race, sect or any other consideration.

We hope that this book, by exhibiting the realities will bring common sense to the issue and help eliminate distortion of the facts.

Director General of Press and Information


DOCUMENT NO: 1893 (89)

Decoded Message from Mustafa Bey, Governor of Bitlis
Dated 5 September 330 (18 September 1914):

Recent decision and instigations of Armenian strategists envisage the following moves: To preserve their loyalty in peace to the Administration pending the declaration of war. If war is declared Armenian soldiers in the Ottoman Army will take shelter on the enemy side with their arms. If the Ottoman Army advances. to remain inactive, if the Ottoman Army retreats, to form armed bands and hinder transport and communications. The above information based on documentary evidence was filed from Provincial authority of Mus.

Section 216 (19)

Info. noted and filed to Section 1 for action

Director Section 2
A. Muhtar

Archive No : 4/3671
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 1
File No : 2811
Section No : 26
Index No : 28

DOCUMENT NO: 1894 (90)







Copy of decoded message from Hasan lzzet Pasha, Commander of the Third Army in Erzurum, dated 11 September 330 (24 September 1914):

The Russians have provoked Armenians living in our country, through Armenians in the Caucasus, by promises that they will be granted independence in territories to be annexed from Ottoman land, they have brought many of their own men disguised as Turkish peasants to the Armenian villages in our country, they have been engaged in forming armed bands, and storing arms and ammunition in many places to be distributed to Armenians, according to reliable information. In the same context they have resolved to preserve their loyalty in peace pending the declaration of war and if war is declared Armenian soldiers in the Ottoman Army will join the Russians with their arms. If the Ottoman Army advances to preserve loyalty and peace, should the Ottoman Army then retreat, to form armed guerilla bands and fight against us. Arms have been uncovered in a number of Armenian houses which were searched.

To counter this move, the units were instructed as follows: Border units will capture all non-Moslem persons who try to enter our territories without a passport. Anybody who attempts to import arms and ammunition will be executed. Armenians will to the greatest extent possible be placed along with noncombatants. Any action against us will be suppressed and those who lead the action will be executed.

Recommendation to Local Administrations:

To increase investigations and form a militia force from Moslem people with no military service commitment. These will stay in their villages and be called when needed.

Archive No : 1/131
Cabin No : 158
Drawer No : 3
File No : 2703
Section No : 308
Index No : 23-1

DOCUMENT NO: 1895 (91)

No : 87

24/25 September 330
(7/8 October 1914)


Ahmet who was dispatched to Russia had to return tonight at seven o'clock as he came across with the patrol from Mecingred. Related to issues requested in the coded message of your high command dated 14 September 330 (27 September 1914) the following information is submitted herewith:

1. A part of a map is submitted in enclosure.

2. Information on the military position in Russia:

In Hendere there are some three thousand Saltats (Russian Soldiers) together with eight mobile artillery guns and ammunition. The guns are in Heridere. A number of soldiers with two guns and some ammunition is in Serbasan village. In upper Mecingred there are some 200 Saltat and around 70 or 80 Cossack soldiers. Soldiers also exist in Karaurgan, their number, however is unknown. In Sarikamis there are some 3000 soldiers, out of which some 800 are Cossacks and the remainder are Saltats. There are over 30 mobile artillery guns drawn by three double-horse units each. In Kosakilise there are about 200 soldiers. The number of soldiers in the Revan direction is unclear, some soldiers in this region and in the Gumru region have been sent to the German border, the sources said. The informant said his friend. Arshak had been to Kars and observed ditches dug around Kars, wide enough for people to move in about and with the tops covered. They have also laid rails in parts of Kars, using trains for transport. The number of workers employed in digging the ditches exceeds forty thousand daily, while, the number of soldiers in Kars is around 15,000 out of which some three thousand are regulars and the remainder reserves. Reserves are equipped with bolted rifles. There are also some two thousand Cossacks with Mauser-type rifles. In Karakurt there are 300 Cossacks and 750 reservists with four artillery guns. The Commander of Caucasia is the same, name unknown, Commander of Kars is Zivemn and Commander of Sarikamis is Bratov. A new commander is expected from Russia, the informant learnt. Armenians in Russia are registering as volunteers to join the war, arms and bread to be supplied by Russia and horses and clothing by themselves. Leaders for drafting volunteers are Aramalis from Papsin of Bitlis in Sarikamis and an Armenian named Antranik in Kars. Antranik had reportedly proceeded to Tiflis to conscript volunteers from among the Christians there, after conscripting a number of volunteers from Kars. All Armenians in Russia will join the volunteers. Russia promised to allocate some of the lands to be captured from the Ottomans to them. Arshak, friend of the informant was was taken by force to Kan by volunteers to join them.

Third Regional Commander


Archive No : 4/3671
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 2
File No : 2818
Section No : 59
Index No : 2-15

DOCUMENT NO: 1896 (92)

Coded Message No: 319 Dated 7 October 330 (20 October 1914) from Amad Border Battalion in Eleskirt to the 9th Army Corps.:

1. The great majority being from Armenians of our land and army deserters, over 8000 Armenians gathered in Kagizman.

2. Their formation is some sort of guerilla band. They are armed by the government and their needs are supplied by the people on the basis of war commitments.

3. Kosti from Karakilise, Aramis from Central Eleskirt and lpik from Bacli village of Eleskirt are the leaders of the gangs.

4. Ten more Plaston companies arrived in Kagizman in the last four days. Total forces in Kagizrnan are estimated at 15,000.- This information was furnished by a reliable Moslem from Kagizman through a special messenger.

Battalion Commander

Certified true copy
Seal, 9th Army Corps
Staff Section
9 October 1330 (22 October 1914)

Archive No : 4/3671
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 2
File No : 2818
Section No : 59
Index No : 2-39

DOCUMENT NO: 1897 (93)

Third Army
General Staff Section

Copying official

Coded Cable
No: 150

Date of Copying:
10.8.330 (23 October 1914)


1 . In addition to the Second Turkistan Army Corps, the First Turkistan Army Corps has been reportedly deployed to the Caucasus, ready to fight against us. Please convey any available information in this regard to our headquarters.

4. It has also been reported this week that, as it was submitted in earlier reports, Russians have deployed anew part of outfits in Kars to the German border. Any information available in Istanbul in this regard, please convey to this headquarters.

5. Further information said, people of villages in the vicinity of the border have been ordered by Russians to evacuate their villages and to withdraw to inner Caucasia.

2. Although there are no other changes noted in the border region, some 8,000 Armenians from Mus, Van, Bitlis, including army deserters, are assembled in Kagizman, led by gang leaders from Karakilise and Eleskirt. Further, according to information reaching here, many Armenians in the Van region have been conscripted and armed.

3. There battalions from the Plaston units which up to date have been stationed in Erivan, have been deployed to Kagizman, while a cavalry regiment and two artillery batteries in Kagizman were recently deployed to Iran. Reinforcement of Russian forces in lran by cavalry units is apparently a measure against the tribes.

(To the Memoranda File)

Archive No : 4/3671
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 2
File No : 2818
Section No : 59
Index No : 1-41, 1-42

DOCUMENT NO: 1898 (94)

Provincial Authority
Correspondence Section

No: General : 27285
Special : 658

Hour: 10.5


Dear Sir,

Further to our letter No: 271441540 of 11 October 1330 (24 October 1914).

One of the armed bands which raided the mail was captured in the vicinity of Of. Also captured were Agop, son of Keshis and Agop son of Ohannes, both from the Araksa village of lspir and Yumra, Sihak from Pulur of Bayburt and Ohannes from Rüstü village, according to information from the District Governor of Bayburt.

We are awaiting your orders in this regard.
15 October 1330 (28 October 1914)

Governor a.i. of Erzurum

Section 3 15/16 (28129)
Document No: 2121

File (16129)

Archive No : 4/3671
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 2
File No : 2820
Section No : 69
Index No : 1-9

DOCUMENT NO: 1899 (95)


Provincial Authority
Correspondence Section 646/18/19
Hour: 10

No: Special : 740
General :


Dear Sir,

Enclosed please find copy of coded cable by Beyezid District Authority dated 16 October 1330 (29 October 1914) covering statements and remarks related to fleeing to Russia of many army deserters and many Armenians from the villages of the region, with the help of some Kurds, to join the bands formed by Surin in lkdir (Igdir). Awaiting your orders for action. 18 October 1330 (31 October 1914).

Governor a.i. of Erzurum

Section: 1.3
18 (31) dated
K (commander Documentary: 2234.18/19 (31/1) dated
As reserve units are on action, to be filed. 19 (1) dated

Archive No : 4/3671
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 2
File No : 2820
Section No : 69
Index No : 1-15

DOCUMENT NO: 1900 (96)

". . . . . Erzincan
27/28 October 330
(9/10 November 1914)

Staff Section
Branch : 1

Summary: Some of the persons who raided the Erzurum mail confessed their crime, while some others are likely to be found guilty upon their investigation; however, the seized money was not recovered.

From persons who raided the Erzurum Mail, Strak from lzaska Village of Yumra subdistrict, enlisted man at Third Construction Battalion of Bayburd, AWOL and concurrently under custody at Gümüshane; Sükrü from Sarasor Village of Akcaabad, enlisted man at the 1st Bn. 12th Reg. lXth Corps, AWOL and concurrently under custody at the provincial centre have confessed their crimes. Although Strak has denounced Agop, son of Artin and Osbek son of Sisman from lzaska village (both AWOL and under custody in Bayburd) for being involved in the raid, and Sükrü denounced Süleyman, son of Faik from Yanika village of Macka district of also being involved, investigations proved Süleyman innocent and he was released.

Further Agop, son of Malkon and Ohannes, son of Sacan from Rahanoglu family from lzaska village, both AWOL and concurrently under custody at the provincial centre, are likely to be found guilty upon investigation. The seized money could not be recovered. Investigation running. Based on the statement of Fixed Gendarmerie Regiment Command.

Third Army Communications Zone
Acting lspector

Section 3: 7 (20) dated
File. 7/8 Dated (20/21 )

Archive No : 4/3671
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 2
File No : 2820
Section No : 69
Index No : 1-14

DOCUMENT NO: 1901 (97)

(Ottoman Government)
Ministry of Interior
General Directorate of Security


No: General . . . . .
Special 2086 (Correspondence)


1. Reliable sources reported irregular communication of the Istanbul Armenian Patriarchate with the Etchmiadzin Catholicos through the Italian Embassy. Requested to conduct extensive and secret investigation on the method of this communication which is likely to facilitate and effect transmitting of our most important secrets and our military position to Russia.

2. Despite the censorship of correspondence and communication with foreign countries, Armenians have been reportedly carrying on external communications in transit, and also passing out information under coded words and sentences of which the meanings are known only to themselves, this being a very useful way of communicating on their part. Requested that all concerned are instructed to take necessary measures related to cables of this nature. 18 January 1330 (31 January 1915).

Director General for Security

Section 2: 5900
18 January 1330 (31 January 1915)
Branch 2/18 (31) dated

Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 113
Drawer No : 3
File No : 521
Section No : 2029
Index No : 2

Holdwater: The Catholicos of Etchmiadzin had already pledged his support to the Czar in the summer of 1914, with the terrorist Armen Garo as his agent. The Patriarch, Zaven, was certainly in cahoots.

DOCUMENT NO: 1902 (98)

Ministry of Defence
Correspondence Department
Coded Messages Section


Coded message received from Mamuretulaziz (Elazigi):

As I reported earlier, upon killing of two gendarmerie soldiers adequate forces have been dispatched, accompanied by the district governor, to the scene of armed attack by the Armenians on the gendarmes which were sent to Sekur village of Hizan in Ahvus direction to arrest army deserters, while a great number of Armenians were assembling at Korsu, Sekur,and Arsin villages and a detachment was dispatched from Gevas and one from Bitlis with necessary instructions. According to cable I have received, in clashes with rebels during the last three days, the detachments have occupied the Mezkkapan Pass and Eznis village, carrying on toward Hakes. The gendarmerie suffered six dead and one wounded, while eight Armenians were killed. All fortifications in these are as have been demolished while preparations are under way for an attack against their stronghold in Tasu village.

Copy of coded message from Bitlis Provincial authority on 5 February 1330 (18 February 1915) is hereby quoted. 6 February 330 (19 February 1915).

7/12/33O (20 February 1915)
One copy to Hq.

Acting Commander XIth Army Corps

Public Order/965
To the independent Public Order
Seal "Army Department/12 February 330
(25 February 1915) Supply Section"

Archive No : 1/131
Cabin No : 149
Drawer No : 4
File No : 2287
Section No : 12
Index No : 6

DOCUMENT NO: 1903 (99)

(The following lengthy report has already been featured on TAT; the translation below is much better.)


Continued from Format One (Last Part)

The moment for Turkey's collapse is fast approaching, it is being declared everywhere. Parliament Member Papasian and Viremian came to Erzurum, bringing along with them the conclusions of the general congress held in Istanbul, to proceed with their arrangements. An assembly was held in Erzurum with the participation of the Dashnak delegates arriving from the Caucasus.

The form of understanding reached with the Russians regarding promises that Armenians will be given independence in territories to be annexed from Ottoman land was discussed at the Erzurum meeting. The Congress approved the Russian-Armenian agreements and resolved the following in summary, to be transmitted to the committees:

1. To preserve loyalty in tranquility pending the declaration of war. but to carry on with the preparations for arming with weapons being brought from Russia and others to be obtained locally.

2. If war is declared Armenian soldiers in the Ottoman Army will join the Russian army with their arms.

3. If the Ottoman Army advances to remain calm.

4. Should the Ottoman army then retreat or come to a standstill position, to form armed guerilla bands and begin programmed operations behind army lines.

Following the dissolution of the congress, after taking its resolutions, Parliament Member Viremian visited the Governor of Erzurum and proposed the following:

"Should the Ottoman Government declare war on Russia and attack Caucasia, the Ottoman Government must make a concrete promise on the establishment of Armenia, in order to propagate the arrangement for cooperation of the Armenians there with the Turks."

This approach of Viremian to the Governor of Erzurum after signing the above four-article resolution of the Congress, had two particular purposes:

1. If the Ottoman Army ends the war victorious to continue preserving national aspirations.

2. To mislead the Ottoman Government and thus protect and conceal the secret Armenian Organisation against any search or investigation. After setting their affairs in Erzurum as explained above, Viremian and Papasian, accompanied by some of the leading Dashnak Committee leaders, proceeded to Canakkale Monastery, assembled the Armenian people of the region and conveyed the Congress resolutions. Papasian stayed in Mus to lead the activities there and Viremian proceeded to Van accompanied by his friends.

The Third Army was informed about these developments. The Governor and subordinate commanders were instructed to be vigilant.

Information reaching the Third Army on the arrangements by Armenians in Russia and in Turkey until war was declared follows:

1. Moslem dwellings in towns and villages East of the border in Russia were being searched, all weapons confiscated and issued to Armenians.

2. A huge amount of arms and ammunition was being stored at Oltu, Sarikamis, Kagizman and Igdir regions to be used in arming Armenians West of the border, in Turkey, with those living in towns and villages close to the border in particular. The son of Russian General Loris Melikov, accompanied by Melkon and Ohannes, both leading Dashnak figures, proceeded to Van on 27 September 330 (10 Oct. 1914) through Abaga to decide on the future arrangements and the weapons to be distributed in the Van and Bitlis regions.

3. Russian consuls in Iran, after promises that an Armenian will be established in territories to be annexed from Ottoman land, have reportedly armed Iranian Armenians, with those of Rumiye and Salhas in particular, and deployed them over the border.

4. A group of Dashnak Committee leaders of Caucasia and in Turkey have been organising Armenian guerilla bands in the border region as follows:

a. Six thousand Armenians, comprising mostly Armenians from Pasinler, Erzurum, Eleskirt. Hinis and Malazgirt and army deserters, have assembled in Kagizman, to be armed by Russians and their rations to be supplied from the people under war commitment arrangements with the help of Russian civil servants and Armenian leaders. 3500 of these were sent to Iranian Azerbaidjan on 18 October 330 (31 October 1914), while the rest are in Kagizman.

b. According to reliable information, a 1500 strong cavary band was formed from Armenians fleeing from Oltu, Kars, Sarikamis and Trabzon, 1000 of which proceeded to Igdir to be deployed in the Bayezid region, while the 500 were sent to Oltu for proceeding to Hodicor.

c. The major part being Armenians of Bayezid. Van and Bitlis and army deserters, and Armenians of lgdir, some 6000 Armenians assembled in Igdlr and were organised in guerilla groups and armed, according to soldiers from Russian border companies who sought refuge and other sources.

d. Armenian guerilla bands are being organised at Biyecek Church in Koni direction of Maku and bands established at Salhas prepare to proceed tu Van.

5. The leading organiser for Kars, Sarlkamis and Bayburd regions are well-known, Antranik, Ershan from Bayburd and Aram from Bitlis, organisers for the lgdir region are Pharmacist Rupen Migirdician from Ercis, Portakalian, and Surpin, Dashnak delegate from Bayezid.

6. Intelligence bureaus have been established in each of the towns of Trabzon, Erzurum, Mus, Bitlis, Van and, in the rear, Sivas and Kayseri, to inform the Russian Army on the position, movements and operations of the Turkish Army.

7. Of the firearms and ammunition smuggled from the border, the surplus has been stored at Karahisar, Sivas and Kayseri.

8. An Executive Board has been established in Batum comprised of Russian, Armenian and Greek members, to facilitate the import of arms, ammunition and explosives into Turkey, to provoke rebellion in the Black Sea region under Turkish control, utilising the services of Armenians and Greeks there and for intelligence on the Turkish Army for the Russians. The following information is from the files of the Third Army on the attitude and moves of Armenians on Turkish territories up to the declaration of war with Russia:

1. From Armenians with conscription obligations those in towns and villages East of the Hopa-Erzurum-Hinis-Van line did not comply with the call to enlist but have proceeded East to the border to join the organisation in Russia.

2. The Third Reserve Cavalry Division proceeded to its assembly in point of the Yagan lsigi - Yanan Koprijkoy area and a great number of Russian weapons were uncovered in the houses of Ovanis, son of Manuk at Koprukoy and of Papas at Yagan. In Hasankale. Russian weapons were uncovered in various houses, and the perpetrators were court-mantialled As its seems, the first stage of the Congress Resolutions is being implemented

3. Strak, son of Eksi from lzaksa village of Yumra, with a 25-man group led by the son of Aralik, murdered Moslems who happened to be in the solitary places of Hodicor and also raided the Trabzon-Erzurum mail cart near Gumushane, murdering the cart driver and seizing the mail and escaping. Several of his accomplices were captured and prosecuted before a courtmartial, and it become clear that they are members of the band which came to Oltu.

4. Russian outposts opposite our border posts at Hehas. Kotek, Pasin Kara Kilisesi, Gurcu Bulak and further to the south are being replaced by Armenian guerilla patrols. The raid by a 20 strong cavalry troop led by Kegork from,Malatya, who deserted from the Pasin Kara Kilisesi Border Battalion with his weapon, the abortive attack by Armenian gangs on the Kotek Border Battalion from Gurcubulak direction, the raids by 500-strong Armenian gangs led by Pharmacist Rupen and Surpin from Bayerid around Moson, made it clear that they were all aimed at initiating Ottoman-Russian hostility and that the Armenians were to serve as the vanguards of the Russian Army.

5. Some Armenian soldiers in our units, particularly those in units in the border regions, have fled to Russia with their weapons.

6. Moslem soldiers on sick leave in their villages which happened to be around Armenian villages have been murdered. In this way. Third Lieutenant Sabri from the Artillery Battalion of the Lazistan Regional Command was brutally murdered and his corps was dismembered and buried in the garden of his house by his Armenian landlord Bedros at Hosmasa village. The murderer resisted the gendarmerie detachment which went to the village to arrest him and after losing hope of escaping, he committed suicide. It was not possible to uncover the accomplices.

This and many similar individual cases are reported every day.

Judging from the above mentioned preparations and plans, it was acknowledged by the Third Army that a rebellion was being plotted. In fact, plans for a rebellion were under way in suitable regions and arms, ammunition and explosives were being stored for future use. As it will be explained below, the principal centres for the rebellion were, among the Eastern provinces, Van, Bitlis, Erzurum, Karahisar and to a secondary degree Sivas, Kayseri and Diyarbakir. As it became evident from the confessions of Armenians before courtmartial in Sivas later on, the Armenians had already designated general inspectorates, war commanders, and guerilla leaders and had ordered the registration of all males above 13 years of age at the Dashnak branches who would consequently be armed according to the same orders.

A look at the principal centres for rebellion shows that locations on the supply line were selected. As a matter of fact, with the proclamation of mobilisation, the Ottoman Government annexed the majority of the gendarmerie forces to the mobile army and the Kurdish region was left to the jurisdiction of the second grade gendarmerie. It was therefore assumed that, the rebellion would necessitate the deployment of part of the forces to the region of the Kurds, putting the army in a very difficult position.

When conflicts arose between Turkey and Russia, it was observed that units of the Russian army started aggression on the border. A Plaston brigade from the Russian army along with the First Cossack Cavalry Division was sent to the Id, Kotek. Pasin Kara Kilisesi and Bayezid direction in support of the Armenians which were also reinforced by machine guns and artillery. All properties in Moslem villages were plundered by these passing gangs, all Moslems including babies in the cradle were massacred. Hearing of these atrocities and inhuman acts of Armenian gangs, inhabitants of other villages in the areas were escaping, leaving behind women and children. In a short time, Erzurum. Van and Bitlis became centres of misery. In fact, the Moslem youths in these regions were conscripted for military service, leaving behind only aged, women, children and disabled who fell victim to the Armenian cruelties and atrocities or to poverty.

The Armenian atrocities reported by the Eleventh Army Corps will be noted. The Second Section could not find the Report. Sadik Bey has the draft report of the Third Army. The list of the Refugee Committee will be added to this.

The position of the Ottoman Army in the Caucasian Front on the date of declaration of war:

Units attached to the Third Army: The Ninth, Eleventh Army Corps and the 13th. Army Corps to arrive from Baghdad. First, Second Third and the Fourth Reserve Cavalry divisions, the Second Regular Cavalry Division and Van and Erzurum Gendarmerie Divisions to be established. Those units which had completed their mobilisation supplies, could not all reach the assembly zone. These units included in the Table of organisation of the Third Army, as it will be seen on the attached No. 1 sketch, were either on the move or in the Erzurum area.

Ten days before the declaration of war, upon orders from the Acting Supreme Command, winter regions were allocated for the units proceeding to the assembly zones, and the units arriving were on their way to their settlement points. Accordingly, the political decision of the Government was not yet certain. The Third Army, believing that a winter war would not be desirable, obliged Moslem people in the border region who anticipated migrating to remain in their homes.

This was the position of the Third Army during the above mentioned horrible Russian operation for bringing the evils of war to Turkish land. The Russians succeeded in reaching the Hasankale vicinity in their first stride. Pending the completion of strategic preparations, the Third Army was withdrawing its units from the border region, taking advantage of the Erzurum fortress, and decided to set up its resisting operation at the Hoyukler Line beyond Erzurum. In view of the four-day resistance of the forward Second Cavalry Division, which blocked the Russian advance, and as it became clear after reconnaissance that the enemy consisted of Armenian gangs, one Plaston brigade, and the Cossack Cavalry Division only, it was decided to deploy the main body of the Third Army. Thus, the Turkish Forces repulsing Russian forces advanced all the way up to Zivin fortified positions.

The attitude of the Armenian officers, doctors and enlisted men in the Turkish Army and of the Armenian people behind the front lines:

Advancing all the way to the East of Erzurum. Armenian gangs moved all Armenian villages with all their families to Russia, forcing those capable of using arms to join them. And, while withdrawing, as explained above, they resorted to every inhuman act and atrocity toward the Moslem villages, burning the villages to the ground, murdering the people. Armenian enlisted men in the Turkish army were taking this opportunity to flee to the Russian Army with their weapons. Officers and doctors, were also joining the Russian Army, taking with them much information about the Turkish army. It was observed on many occasions that in the most critical moments of the battle, positions of ammunition, batteries or the reserve positions were shown to the Russians. In this context, Kirkor, son of Ohannes from Gumushane, was seen showing the Pazacur position to the Russians. He confessed his crime at a courtmartial. Again during the most critical moments of the battle, some Armenian enlisted men were inciting Turkish enlisted men to flee, creating confusion in the battle lines. Armenian people behind the lines, did not hesitate to murder wounded soldiers who were sent back for treatment. Further, they had constant communication with Armenians in the Russian Army, informing them of the position and state of the Turkish units, and deciding their stand and position accordingly. Such coded messages were seized from spies many times. A few of the numerous documents showing evidence of spying on the position and state of the Turkish Army and supplying arms and ammunition to the Armenian people living in Turkish territories are underlined below:

Translation of a letter seized in the lining of the coat of (....) on his way from Van. The letter is written to the Dashnak Committee in the Armenian language:

"Our Dears (This is a form of address among committee members) Your letter was received on time. The properties known to you and to us where shipped via your designation (means arms, ammunition, bombs). It is difficult to ship you properties without risk. Roads are blocked. Clashes. have begun in the borders. As it seems, the operation will be joined. Uncle Shekyager is the "nom de plume" of the leader in Bursa, who fled. He does not cherish the same feelings. You will appreciate this? He had placed many immobile things around us. Arrival of mobile things continue. We have plenty of goods here and we know the shortage you suffer there. We are all affected by the death of Dervish: If ours does not reach you immediately dispatch vour messenger. Write about kind and number of troops in movement. (Asks information about Turkish army units).

Friendly regards

Inhabitants of Armenian villages secretly moved to villages in areas with an Armenian majority, leaving behind only old and disabled Armenians in the evacuated villages.

The first rebellion started in the province of Bitlis. The strongest forces of the committees were in the Hizan district and the Karkar area of Bitlis, both bordering Van and Mus. The mutiny started during the past 15 days in various sections of the town by murdering the limited number of soldiers and gendarmes. An account of the happenings follows:

On 27 January 1330 (9 February 1915) two gendarmes sent to the Sekur Village of Karkar in the Hizan District were driven away from the village, being told that Government orders will henceforth not be obeyed. An eight-strong gendarme force was sent to the scene, but remained under strong fire from Armenian committees fortified positions in the village. Six of the gendarmes were killed, two succeeded in escaping. Further, no information was received from two gendarmes dispatched to Korsor village. A great number of Armenian gangs assembled in Korsor, Sekur and Arsin villages, starting raids on Moslem villages in the area, committing murders and atrocities. In the Karkar region, a group of gangs attacked the district capital of Hizan, in an effort to capture the town.

The rebellion expanded, Armenian gangs attacking Hizan were forced to halt by the resistance of the gendarmes and armed people in the town.

A strong detachment led by the Gendarmerie Regiment Commander of Bitlis was dispatched to the scene, while a message was transmitted to Van, to dispatch another unit from Van and one from Gevas. The unit dispatched from Gevas was ambushed on its way to Hizan and six gendarmes were killed in an armed clash with the Armenian gangs, one gendarme was wounded. The detachment continued to advance after being reinforced. The units dispatched from Van and Bitlis recovered the Kapan Yolu and Arnis villages from Armenian occupation and broke the siege of Hizan. The units continued their operation towards Ahkis. After two days of armed clashes, the Ahkis and Bigeri villages were recovered but the insurgents escaped.

On 4 February 330 (17 February 1915) the detachments assembled at Tasu village, turning over to the threatening insurgents. After one day's strong resistance, the village was recovered. This was followed with the recovery of the Korsu and Sigor villages, after a two-day battle. Many Russian uniform caps and Russian material and equipment, abandoned by the insurgents, was found. It was also observed that the villages were turned into fortified field positions. The corpses of the two gendarmes murdered in Sigorvillage were uncovered, their eyes gouged out, their lungs taken out from ripped chests and their heads smashed. The marked mare of Van Committee Leader Ishan was found during the recovery of Viris village. Among the corpses were also those of Vahan, one of the famous committee leaders of Van, son of Kesis from Humnis village, and of Kalon from Sekur village. This makes it clear that Vahan was specially sent from Van to lead the rebellion. The start of the rebellion in the above places, soon ignited revolts in the plain villages of Mus. On 28 January 1330 (10 February 1915) that is to say just one day after the start of the rebellion in Hizan, a gendarmerie detachment on its way, came under fire around Serunek village of Mus, and was forced to an armed clash which ended with casualties and loss of horses. Supporting detachments dispatched from Mus under the command of three officers, reached the scene and surrounded the insurgents. Nine of the Committee members were captured dead. Others succeeded in escaping. On the same day, the house where the sub-district head and the Gendarmerie detachment stayed in the Kumes village of Aksan, was surrounded by the insurgents after an eight-hour armed clash, nine gendarmes were brutally killed and the house was set on fire by the Armenian gangs. The sub-district head and one of the gendarmes escaped in the dark of night, after fighting his way out through the flames of the building. The detachments from the Mus Depot Regiment dispatched to capture the perpetrators came under fire and after two-day armed clashes the insurgents escaped. The presence of Dashnak Mus Committee Delegate Rupen and one of the leading Dashnak Committee figures of Mus, Esro, at the scene of the Kumes incident, and, as it became clear afterwards that the operation of the insurgents was led by these two Armenian figures, clearly shows the actual face of the rebellion. As a matter of fact, following the Kumes incident. Rupen and Esro did not return to Mus. They stayed with their gang and continued to threaten the Government here and there.

Upon learning that the perpetrators of the Kumes and Seronik incidents were hidden in the Arak Monestary of Mus, a gendarmerie detachrnent was dispatched under the command of 2nd Lt. Ahmet on 12 February 330 (25 Februay 1915). While the detachment was approaching the monastery, it came under severe fire from the front and the flanks. Lt. Ahmet and four of the gendarmes were killed, while the rest of the detachment continued the armed clash until night and were obliged to withdraw after dark. A second stronger detachment from the Mus Depot Regiment was dispatched on 14 February 330 (27 February 1915) as in reinforcement but the Committee gang had already escaped, evacuating the monastery. They had always maintained their occupation of the monastery as one of their shelters.

Further, on 13 February 330 (26 February 1915) four gendarmerie patrols, were attacked while eating their lunch on the river bank near Kelikozan, by the people of Kelikozan, and brutally murdered, their corpses were cut into pieces with axes and buried at a one hour distant place. With the sudden loss of the four gendarmes, authorities already assumed that they had been annihilated by the committee. The investigation gave clues and traces which led the investigators to the Kelikozan area, uncovering the murder. The perpetrators were captured and put on trial before a military court. As a matter of fact, without any hesitation, they confessed their crime and all the brutality. Similar incidents followed.

The immediate suppression of the rebellion on the spot by Government forces surprised the committee gangs, bringing relative calmness in Bitlis. Armenians of Bitlis realized that the Government's strength was superior to the committee's. The protection by the government of lives and properties of Armenians who were not involved in any armed clash was very effective and leading Armenian personalities both in Mus and Bitlis who had no links with the Dashnaks, openly condemned the happenings.

Parliament Member Papasian was in Mus, commanding the operation from the Centre. As the conclusion of the developments was contrary to his line, he immediately approached the Government, saying that perpetrators of the Hizan, Kumes, Serenek and Monastery incidents were ignorant army deserters, and that the clash at the Monastery was because the army deserters sheltering there fired their weapons in fear of the attack of the Gendarmerie, claiming that the Dashnak Committee had no involvement at all in the incidents, and that they were ready to assist the Government. He was afraid that the plot for a rebellion would be uncovered by the Government. He went on to send letters to the Armenian Patriarch in Istanbul, with a different version of the happenings. Here was the explanation of the Patriarch based on the information received from Parliament Member Papasian:

"With the assignment of Yasar Ceto and Mehmet Emin recently for the preservation of public order, Armenians became victims of disasters and with the killing of the bailiffs of Halsi, Hunz and Ruhte villages by gendarmes, the inhabitants were so upset, that in retaliation they killed the four gendarmes. Also two gendarmes were killed in retaliation for the killing of a boy by gendarmes in Zigo village and of four of eight army deserters while being taken to the centre. If the people were obliged as a last resort in protection of sacred things to resist the aggression of the gendarmerie, this cannot be described as a revolt and the burning and plundering of houses of the people and attempts to kill the people is incompatible with justice ..."

Upon this application of the Armenian Patriarch. Istanbul requested the Third Army Command to investigate the matters and if things had really happened as reported above, the perpetrators must be severely punished. It was also reported from Elazig that it was the Director who caused the Meksi incident. Upon the request from Istanbul, the Third Army Command ordered the Eleventh Army Corps Command in Elazig to send an Investigation Group led by Colonel Veysi Bey, Acting Commander of the 33rd Division.

Here are the conclusions of the investigation:

1. The assignment of Yasar Ceto and Mehmet Emin as officials for public order was completely baseless. In fact, Yasar Ceto, together with his men, volunteered to Azerbaidjan in the initial stage of mobilisation and was killed in the Hoy Battle three months before the incidents in question happened.

Mehmet Emin was ambushed by Armenians on his way to Azerbaidjan also three months ago, was wounded and is currently under treatment.

2. There was no Armenian village bailiff killed in Bitlis Province.

3. As to the boy the Patriarch claimed to be killed in Zigo Village: There is no village within the Bitlis Province with the name of Zigo and the killing of a boy by the Gendarmarie was completely unfounded.

4. It was clear that the actions were not retaliation or moves of legitimate self-defence as the Patriarch claimed, but were absolutely audacious aggressions.

As it was clearly understood the conclusions of the investigation. referring to officials related to public order (Yasar Ceto) who was killed. long ago not making clear the place for which the persons were assigned the duty of preserving public order, and claiming the murder of a boy in a village which does not exist on the map, are sufficient to judge the degree of accuracy of the allegations.

As a matter of fact, the Van and Karahisar rebellions which followed made it clear that the purpose was to create confusion, leading to dispersion of the Government forces and a sudden strike in Van. All the incidents were followed by the general rebellion in Van.


Archive No : 112
CabinNo : 113
Drawer No : 4
File No : 528
Section No : 2061
Index No : 2.21-18

Holdwater: The above reflected pretty good intelligence! The bit where the Patriarch got caught with his pants down (with the made-up village of Zigo) was very amusing. The Parliamentarian Papazian shed very important light on the treachery of his people, in an article he had written, representing the kind of traitorous "Armenian intellectuals and cultural leaders" arrested on April 24.

DOCUMENT NO: 1904 (100)


Cable No: 3949
No: 343


1. Two elderly conscripts accompanied by the gendarmarie on a mission to capture army deserters in Bafra were shot dead by deserters on their way to the town near Naki and Kayavila Greek villages on March 2, their corpses were burnt and thrown into the nearby river. Kisa Avram, one of the perpetrators, was captured while others are being sought. Instructions have been issued to send stronger detachments for such missions and take other necessary precautions to prevent a recurrence of similar incidents.

2. Several firearms and a quantity of rifle ammunition was seized in an Armenian house in Tokat. An Armenian army deserter, currently under arrest, reported that arms and ammunition were stored by Armenians at the Ulas sub-district of Kangal near Sivas and the provincial authorities have been notified.

3. In Porek village of Susehri, on 12 February 330 (25 February 1915) Armenians attacked a group of unarmed volunteers on their way to the village. A follow-up force came under fire and the force could enter the village only after an armed clash. One gendarme from the follow-up force and an unarmed volunteer were wounded. Two Armenians were killed.

Four rifles, 75 gras, 57 old model rifles, two Russian weapons and one Winchester gun were taken from the gang and the village along with 95 army deserters and five wanted persons, according to the report of the Commander of the Mobile Gendarmerie Detachment, part of the follow-up force. A copy of the said report which also included important information on the seditious aims of Armenians has been mailed to your authority.

As the need for maintaining the forces here following the joining of the enlisted men to the training centre is becoming more apparent, the issue is brought to your kind attention for permission for necessary precautions.

Section: 116 (29) date
Branch : 2
Initials (not clear)

Archive No : 4/3671
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 2
File No : 2818
Section No : 59
Index No : 1-37.1-38

DOCUMENT NO: 1906 (101)

Ministry of Defence
Department of Correspondence
Coding Section


Hadji Abdul Aziz Effendi, responsible for the group sent from Silvan to Mus, accompanied by five gendarmes, was confronted with a nine-man Armenian band around Murz Village four hours' distance from Bitlis. After a two-hour armed clash, five Armenians escaped, four were captured (dead) together with four short Russian... three sword belts, 380 rounds of ammunition. 100 Ottoman Liras found on one of them was delivered to the Bitlis provincial authority. The above information was submitted by the coded message of Division Command in Mus on 16 March 1331 (29 March 1915) and was conveyed to the Army and to the Army Corps. 17 March 1331 (30 March 1915)

Acting Commander Eleventh Army Corps

Public Order 72/18 March 331 (31 March 1915)

Public Order Section
18.1.331 (31 March 1915), K.A.E.

Info. to Ministry of Interios. To be returned after info. (18.1.331) (31 March 1915)

Hakki Cemal
Section: 331/3
Independent Public Order Section
Hereby returned 18.1.331
(31 March 1918)

Archive No : 4/131
Cabin No : 149
Drawer No : 4
File No : 2287
Section No : 12
Index No : 6-16

DOCUMENT NO: 1906 (102)


SEAL (Not clear)
No : 35


Honourable Commanding General,

After leaving Istanbul by train on January 29 and arriving in Ulukisla, I have continued following the rear-line communications programme issued by the Special Service Deportment. Several days before our arrival in the 300-dwelling Armenian village of Purek of the Susehri District of Sivas (province), in other words on February 12, two horses were taken from the village to carry two sick enlisted men of the Zaro comrnandos up to the communication Zone. Agop, the Moughtar (headman) of the village, revolver in hand, led and incited the people, all armed with revolvers, and attacked the Commandos, forcing them to take shelter with the unarmed recruits of the training centre, after which they attacked, wounding two enlisted men. District Governor Ahmet Hilmi, Mobile Gendarmerie Unit Commander Salim and Stationery Gendarmerie Unit Ziya and Public Prosecutor Fuat, the same mob of Armenians attacked the gendarmes, murdering one gendarme and escaping to the mountains from where they continued their raids. They were later suppressed and investigation started. In this way the following information was obtained:

The Karahisarisarki Flag and attached organisations of the Dashnaksoutiun Committee, have been arming 111 Armenian youths in the Sivas region ever since the Proclamation of the Constitution, bringing together an armed and equipped contingent of some 30,000 men in the region when mobilization was declared. Of these 15,000 men were sent to Russia while 15,000 remained ready for a rebellion upon instructions from Russia. Sources said they are capable of carrying on with the revolt for 30 days, with sufficient ammunition for 1000 rounds per man daily. A 30-men War Command has been designated by the Committee headed by Armenian Bishop of Karahisar for the Karahisarlsarki region. Investigations have been extended. When our designated battalion arrived in the said village, the investigation committee persistently requested our assistance the investigation. During the one-night investigation, some 100 Greek gras (a type of rifle) were captured and delivered to the investigation board against receipt. Throughout, district and sub-district governors representing the Government explained that all Armenian villages are armed, ready for a rebellion. As their forces were not sufficient for the necessary inquiries and searches, they asked for our assistance. During our search in these places, escorted by sub-district governors of Ezbider (Refahiye) and Agvanist (Karahisar) and District Governor of Refahiye, we uncovered some 1000 weapons which we turned over to the local authorities against receipt. Proceeding from Erzincan, accompanied by sub-district governor of Pulur (Bayburt) and Commander of the Training Unit of Kesanti village, we uncovered some 40 weapons in the said villages and in Pulerik, Kaleverik, Hendi, turning them over to the district authority of Bayburt against receipt.

As it was explained earlier, the investigation related to the Purek village has shown that arms have been supplied in preparation for a rebellion, each individual Armenian guarding these as carefully they guard their lives. Each Armenian owned one or more weapon, with abundant ammunition, apart from arms and ammunition stored in depots. Printed rebellion leaflets and programmes were also seized. It became evident that only in the Sivas and Erzincan regions, the number of arms possessed by Armenians is around 30,000. It is worth noting that during brief searches on over-night stays in these places more than 200 weapons were uncovered. An extensive search, is therefore likely to end up with large quantities of armaments. Awaiting your orders. Section 3 27/28 Date

Special Service Volunteers Battalion

To the First Section for comments
29 Days

Archive No : 113671
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 2
File No : 2818
Section No : 59
Index No : 1-59, 1-60

DOCUMENT NO: 1907 (103)

Independent Public Order Section 183
Istanbul 7.2.331 (20 April 1915)


1. Some of the Armenian and Greek soldiers under military service, particularly those employed in the labour battalions are deserting, forming small bands (gangs) here and there, resorting to arms against the gendarmerie, dispatched to arrest them, and becoming tools of certain political aims in parts where large Armenian and Greek communities live.

2. As the number of desertions is rising and the number of stationed gendarmerie in provinces and districts has declined, their number is increasing every passing day because they cannot be captured.

3. In the case of assigning the duty to the units of the army corps and of mobile gendarmerie, this will require the undesirable deployment of army corps units. The practice of the stationed gendarmerie arresting those deserters will be continued, yet their capture with the help of the local population is also under consideration.

4. From the local population, whoever arrests a Moslem or non-Moslem army deserter and delivers him to the military authorities will be financially rewarded with not less than one Lira. All army corps, and district authorities will be informed accordingly.

5. Written to all armies, army corps and to the Ministry of Interior.

Defence Minister

Section: 3-1
2/21 date

First Section. Noted. To the Third section. 23.2.31 (6 May 1915)
File. 12.3.31 (25 May 1915)

Archive No : 4/3671
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 2
File No : 2820
Section No : 100
Index No : 2

Holdwater: You know what is really interesting about the above? Armenian propaganda tells us Armenian soldiers were put in labor battalions as a means to murder them, which implies they would be kept under lock and key. Yet, they obviously enjoyed freedom, in order to be deserting (Point one). Otherwise, Enver would have written, "escaping."

DOCUMENT NO: 1908 (104)


No: 1011


Annex to Coded Message No 713 of 26 March (8 April):

1. The Gendarmerie detachment dispatched to Horasan village to look for army deserter Armenian Mirad upon suspicion did not find the deserter but captured a crate of 'Gra" rifles (a type of Greek rifle) a crate of bombs and dynamite. Searching continues.

2. In searches conducted by the Government at Tuzlasar village of Hafik yesterday, 16 crates of weapons, 20 bombs, and a crate of brand new blue uniforms were uncovered and confiscated. During the search, 30 partisans together with two persons from the gang of Armenian Mirad from Gokdin village, opened fire on gendarmerie guards on the outskirts of the village but succeeded in escaping in the dark. The detachments have been reinforced and searches continue. All mobile gendarmes have been deployed on the scene. As to the infantrymen in the centre, their Schneider type weapons can hardly cope with the Manliher weapons possessed by the Armenians. It was therefore considered inappropriate to utilise the infantry in the centre as this would result in a high number of casualties.

It is requested that sufficient cavalry and infantrymen are dispatched from the garrison as soon as possible. As many of the Armenians hide weapons, bombs and dynamite in their homes and many are armed, action is necessary accordingly. For this, 20 armed cavalry men from Depot Cavalry company were dispatched to the scene. It has been ordered to assign all trained men of the Depot Battalion at Hafik under the order of the Government and every measure is taken to suppress the upheaval.

Section: 1
8 (21 ) Date

Archive No : 4/3671
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 2
File No :. 2820
Section No : 69
Index No : 3-10

DOCUMENT NO: 1909 (105)

NO :

Firing continued throughout the city the whole night. Hundreds of Armenian rebels from the Armenian districts of Kaledibi, were directed toward capturing the fortress, taking advantage of the confusion. Despite the dominant artillery from the fortress, we suffered casualties. Buildings of the Public Depts, Post Office, Tobacco Monopoly and the Ottoman Bank were burnt down and destroyed. They attempted to escape during the confusion but they failed. Fire with obsolete artillery guns from the fortress started anew. I am doing my best to repulse these cursed persons who disturbed us so much the whole night.

The Armenian district in the vineyard part of the town attacked the outposts, the military barracks and the Islam sections of the town but they were repelled. Clashes continue. Two artillery guns were placed in dominating positions, however, their range and fire accuracy is ineffective. One of the two mountain artillery guns is with detachments at Gevas.

The other gun is again defective. We are trying to repair it. The militia are trying to make the best use of the three small "Vitvort" guns. Their ammunition, however is scarce. Armenians of villages surrounding the north, east and south, have been digging positions to block the arrival of our support detachments. The engagement in the city itself, does not allow the repulse of the rebels in these positions. When it is clear that they will wage attacks on our forces arriving from Ercek and Timar, I shall try to assign some troops to help, Gevas road is clear.

8 (21) date

Archive No : 4/3671
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 2
File No : 2820
Section No : 69
Index No : 3-26

Holdwater: Cevdet Bey was really under the gun. I have a feeling he was hard-pressed to engage in his favorite hobby, nailing horseshoes onto the feet of Armenians.

DOCUMENT NO: 1910 (106)



Who was with him in the house ?
Some army deserters. I don't know their names.

What is your job ?
I am a clerk.

Does your son come home at nights ?
No, he never comes. I don't know where he stays.

Where is he now ?
I don't know where he is.

When did you throw the seven military uniforms which were recovered from the well during the search today?
I have no information about this. There has bean nobody at our home for five or six days. Our home was empty with the door open.

Who threw the uniforms into the well?
I don't know. Mehmet Effendi (military police) told me that they had learnt from the informant denounced. Who ever is the informant may be he threw the uniforms in. I have no information whatsoever.

Tell us the truth ?
Our home is deserted.

Where was your son then ?
He was in the street then.

At home ?

Did you give food or goods to these deserters any other time ?
No, as I said before, I gave them food and bread only one day.

Does your wife have any information about the uniforms in the well ?
No, she doer not.

Now seal your statement.
I have no seal. Let me put my fingerprint. 9 (22) date

Aforesaid women Luaik

Drafted by Assistant Police Commissioner
Signature (Seyit lbrahim)

Interrogation statement of aforesaid woman Lusik's
husband Chakcian Kiork. 9 April 331 (22 April 1915)

Where is your son Dikran now ? Where was he before ?
I have not seen him for five or six days. He is an army deserter. He is hiding in the houses.

You should have known by now where your son is and sent him food ?
No, I don't know his whereabouts.

Today these seven sets of khaki uniforms (jackets, trousers and Enveriye (head gear attributed to Enver Pasha) of Armenian Army deserters were recovered from the well in sacks
You have seen these. Who brought them and threw them into the well?'
I don't know. I have no information

You a while ago admitted that you have given food to the deserters from mobilisation forces ? What way and how ?
One of the deserters with three friends asked for food and bread. I gave them cooked spinach and bread, they took it away.

Interrogation statement of Mrs. Lusik, daughter of Kirakos, wife of Chakcian Kiork. Armenian from Hasirli section of Diyarbakir, father of Dikran, involved in the case of uncovered uniforms of Armenian soldiers deserting from the Fifth Army Corps. 9 April 331 (22 April 1915).

Your name - Name of father ?
My name is Cusik. I am wife of Kiork.

Your age ?
60 years old. I live in Hasirli section.

Name of your son ? How old is he ? His profession ?
His name is Dikran, He is around 30. He is a shoemaker.

Where were you yesterday and last night ? Was your son with you?
Yesterday I was in the house of my daughter Haiganosh. At night I stayed at the house of Minosh, sister of my husband. My son Dikran was not with us.

For how many days have you not seen your son?
He left on Wednesday, saying he will surrender to the Government. I don't know his whereabouts now. Give me time to go and look for him. When I find out, I will come and let you know.

Did your son have good relations with army deserters ?
I have no information. He was wondering around houses.

You have a seal, can you write ? Sign your statement.
I have no seal. I can write. I sign. 9 April 331 (22 April 1915) Chakcian Kiork.
(Date and Signature.)

Archive No : 5/1920
Cabin No : 204
Drawer No : 3
File No : 4608
Section No : 1
Index No : 33, 331-1

Holdwater: While reading the account of the above interrogation, I could not help thinking of the "Armenian song" (accessible in the red box entitled "Addendum (10-06)" near the top of this page), where the withholding of information was considered a patriotic duty.

 DOCUMENT NO: 1911 (107)

No: 10327
(22/23 April 1915) :

C. 8.2.331 (21 April 1915)

1. The places within the province with a high Armenian population are Karahisar, Susehri, Hafik, Dirigi and Gurun, Gemerek, Amasya, Tokat and Merzifon.

2. To date a great number of prohibited weapons and dynamite have been seized in searches in villages around Susehri, at Tuzhisar and Horasan villages of Hafik and at Ulalas sub-district of the Central region.

3. Armenians have organised and armed a 30,000 strong force from this province, of which 15,000 this way or the other joined the Russian Army while the remaining 15 (thousand) have been assigned with the mission of occupation in the rear, should our Army fail to be successful (May God forbid). These have been confirmed with the interrogation statements of the arrested suspects.

4. It has been felt that Armenians are preparing for a rebellion in the spring, when sheltering is possible in the mountains. This has been confirmed by the captured arms and explosives during the Van incident and with the flight of some of the leading figures of the committee.

5. Upon reports that Mirad, a leading Dashnak figure was hiding at Tuzhisar village, I dispatched a contingent. During an armed clash several of the Armenians were killed and about 20 surrendered, the rest escaped. Follow-up operations continue.

6. Upon request from stationed and mobile gendarmerie for support, a strong detachment was sent toward Hafik. Villages expected to take part in the rebellion have been cleared by the military of materials, vehicles and means of attack and defence.

7. The provincial authority has been authorised to invite all men up to 40-50 ages for military service and take all necessary precautions. We are gratified for this permission, however, as most of the people of that age are sick or disabled, their presence would make hospitals more crowded. In fact, only men of that ages are left in villages now, because of mobilisation. Their conscription would mean the evacuation of the villages and would have negative effects on the morale of the people. I therefore consider it appropriate to delay this move for the time being, after arming those able, pending their call when needed. Two artillery guns, would be sufficient for the purpose, if sent here.

Section : 1
10 (23) dated

Archive No : 4/3641
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 2
File No : 2820
Section No : 69
Index No : 3-45.3-46

Holdwater: The "Mirad" from Point 5 must be "Murad." In addition, Vahakn Dadrian attempted to discredit Point 3's report concerning the 30,000 traitorous Sivas Armenians.

DOCUMENT NO: 1912 (108)

No: 5319

(Received on 15 (28) dated)

Firm action has been carried against army deserters for ten days. During searches, a great number of weapons, ammunition and army uniforms were found in Armenian homes. In yesterday's searches, a great amount of explosives, 50 bombs, plenty of ammunition and weapons, state property and dynamite powder were captured. 12 members and leading figures of the villages were arrested. Up to date, over 1000 army deserters, most of them affiliated to the committee have been arrested.

Investigation and search continues.

Section : 1 1 5 (28) dated
Branch : 2-1 5 (28) dated

Archive No : 4/3671
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 2
File No : 2820
Section No : 69
Index No : 3-42

DOCUMENT NO: 1913 (109)


Cable No : 258
Origin : Elaziz
No : 934
Number of words : 120


Based on information derived from the interrogation of those who had not complied with conscription and deserters in Diyarbakir, the house of Artin, son of Bogos, was searched and in a built-in section the following weapons and ammunition and materials were uncovered and confiscated: Seven Mauser rifles, one Bulgarian Menliheri weapon, one British Martini rifle, several pistols, 16 fused and 30 unloaded bombs, a great number of fuses, twenty two okes (1 oke: 1282 grams) of dynamite powder, 40 okes of gun powder, plenty of rifle ammunition and a manual of instructions on explosives. Aforementioned Artin has been arrested. lnfo. submitted to Army corps. 15 (28)

Acting Commander
11 th Army Corps

Archive No : 4/3671
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 2
File No : 2820
Section No : 69
Index No : 1-21

16.2.31 (29 April 1915)
Section: 3/1652-16/29) dated

DOCUMENT NO: 1914 (110)


Section : 2/9499
Drafted by : Ali Cevat (Signature)
Written by :
17 April 331 (30 April 1915)


C/13 April 331 (26 April 1915) Coded message No: 3519.

The Armenian Charity Association has nothing to do whatsoever with its title (name). Many committee members from Egypt and other countries disguised under this title, are going to Adana, Aleppo and near Syria to bring in weapons and for political motives and purposes. This Association is similar to other political organisations and its leading members are committee members.


M : 1736 Coded
20 April 331 (3 May 1915)
Section l l, File: 6/172

Bogos Nubar Pasha Armenian Charity Association

Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 112
Drawer No : 3
File No : 483
Section No : 1893
Index No : 1

DOCUMENT NO: 1915 (111)

Coding Office

Source of Origin: Kayseri
Date of cable: 1 May 02.24
Arrival : 1 May / 04.30


C. 29 April 331 (12 May 1915) Stephan Negyazarian, son of Ohannes. while serving as executive board member and secretary for the Armenian Hunchak Association, together with President . . . . . . (not clear) Apioviscavic of the Association, supplied arms and ammunition to special platoons established under special names, participating in the arrangements for the rebellion, the courtmartial military prosecutor reported. As he is needed here for uncovering hidden arms, it is requested that he be sent here if possible.

Governor of Kayseri

Add to file
2 May 331 (15 May 1915)

Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 108
Drawer No : 2
File No : 292
Section No : 190
Index No : 4-8

DOCUMENT NO: 1916 (112)

Ministry of Interior

Department for Settlement of Tribes and Immigrants

General :
Special :


Article l: -- Arrangements for transportation of those to be transferred is the responsibility of local administrations.

Article 2: - Armenians to be transferred are free to take all their movable properties and animals along.

Article 3: -- Protection of lives and properties of Armenians to be transferred en route their new settlements, their board and lodging and their rest is the responsibility of local administrations en route. Civil servants in all echelons are responsible for any negligence in this regard.

Article 4: -- Reaching the destinations of their new settlement, Armenians will either be settled in individual towns and villages in houses to be built, or in the villages to be established in locations designated by the Government. Due attention will be paid to establishing the villages in places which suit public health conditions, agriculture and construction.

Article 5: - If there is no unowned and derelict land in places of settlement for establishment of villages, state owned farms and villages may be allocated for this purpose.

Article 6: - Boundaries of villages and towns to be established anew for the settlement of Armenians will be at least 25 kilometres away from the Baghdad railroad and from other railroad links.

Article 7: - A Registration log will be established covering very accurately in an orderly way the name, family name, age, profession. place of origin, place of settlement, together with names and ages of all members clearly indicated for all Armenians to be settled in villages and towns or in newly established villages, this log being the basis of the population registers.

Article 8: - Persons to be settled at the designated places are prohibited to go to other places without permission from the Commission to which they are attached and without the necessary special document from the local security force.

Article 9: - All boarding needs of the people arriving, and the construction of houses of those who are in need, is the responsibility of the Government, such expenses to be financed from the immigrants' appropriations (funds).

Article 10: - Arrangements of boarding and housing, expediting the completion of these, preservation of health and welfare of the people, is the responsibility of the immigrant commissions, led by the highest local civil servant. In places where there are no immigrant commissions, these will be established anew, in accordance with the Regulation on Immigrants.

Article 11: - District and provincial governors are authorised to assign sufficient civil servants necessary to carry out efficiently the task related to transport, board, lodging and settlement, with the concurrence of the Ministry.

Article 12: - Each family to be resettled will be allocated appropriate land. taking into account their previous economic condition and their present needs.

Article 13: - Allocation and distribution of land will be handled by the commissions.

Article 14: - Boundaries and areas of the allocated iand will be indicated in a Temporary (Provisional) Receipt which will be issued to the owner, with identical information clearly registered in the special book.

Article 15: - Those engaged in agriculture and craftsmen who are in need, will be issued an appropriate amount of operating capital, or necessary tools and instruments. Recep 333/17 May 331 (30 May 1915)

Certified True copy.
Seal (Department for Settlement
of Tribes and Immigrants, Ministry of Interior)

Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 109
Drawer No : 4
File No : 361
Section No : 1030 (1445)
Index No : 1

DOCUMENT NO: 1917 (113)

No: 2462


Copy of coded message from Niksar Training Command
of l 5 June 331 (28 June 1915) is below:


Armenians have raided the Seferli village and Camlikiris section of Karakus sub-district, carrying out a massacre of the inhabitants. Upon request from the district governor based on information from the subdistrict administrator, an adequate contingent was dispatched this morning to the subdistrict centre under the command of 2nd Lt. lhsan Efendi from the 91st Regiment Depot, comprising 18 conscripts, 21 enlisted men from the 10th conscripts (born in 1310), 61 enlisted men from the 11th conscripts (born in 1311), 2 sergeants and 6 corporals. Hereby for your information. B. Behic

Section : 1/3417/16 (29) dated
Branch . 1

Archive No : 4/3671
Cabin No : 161
Drawer No : 2
File No : 2835
Section No : 127
Index No : 3-54

DOCUMENT NO: 1918 (114)

From: Erzurum
3.5.331 (16 July 1915)


The contingent assigned to protect Armenian convoys against attacks by Kurdish gangs was attacked by Kurdish gangs from all four directions on their way through the Kop mountains on 28.4.331 (11 July 1915). The contingent, dispatched from Bayburt under the command of 2nd Lt. Salih Efendi comprised 56 enlisted men from the communications zone troops. After a two-hour armed clash, two of the gang were killed, the rest escaped. The contingent suffered no casualties and the Armenian convoy was saved, according to the information from Bayburt post.

Communications Inspector
Fuat Ziya

Section : 1/3731/4 (17) dated
File./ 4.5.31 (17 July 1915)

Archive No : 4/3671
Cabin No 161
Drawer No : 2
File No : 2835
Section No : 127
Index No : 1-11

Holdwater: This one is an extremely important report, lending evidence that not all of the gendarmes were low-lifes, as depicted in Armenian propaganda (although, of course, many were of the comparatively bottom-of-the-barrel variety; the better men were desperately needed to protect the nation at the multiple fronts); note how the gendarmes, in this instance, succeeded in defending the Armenians, and we are reminded of the precariousness of the march, when lawless bands would suddenly appear, and scarily descend from "all... directions." The district attorney in the 1921 kangaroo court trial of Talat Pasha's assassin attested to gendarmes getting killed in the line of Armenian-protection duty, and even "Ambassador Morgenthau's Story" informed us of (forty) killed gendarmes, while defending the Armenians.

So let's ask out loud the logical question, ladies and gentlemen: If the Ottoman government planned an extermination policy, how could the Ottomans' own soldiers disobey this policy, to the extent of risking, or even losing, their lives?

DOCUMENT NO: 1919 (115)

Cable : 17228


According to a cable message just received from Urgup Conscription Office, a 300-strong Armenian armed gang raided the Bogazliyan village in Avanos District, murdering the people and destroying and burning the village. According to information based on instant cable communications from Urgup. Nevsehir, Nigde and Avanos, Nigde only, requested the urgent arming of 250 enlisted men. In this context, instructians have also been issued by the Ministy of Defence as understood from the report of district authorities. The Nigde Conscription Office has been immediately instructed to promptly conscript and turn over to Nigde Gendarmerie Command 250 enlisted men. Civil Administration authorities have also been informed. 10/11 July 331 (23124 July 1915)

Konya Conscription Department Head

Archive No : 1/131
Cabin No : 149
Drawer No : 4
File No : 2287
Section No : 11
Index No : 3-1

DOCUMENT NO: 1920 (116)


14.5.331 (27 July 1915)

Double, Crescent (Top Secret)


A 300-strong Armenian armed gang emerging in the Nevsehir region, within the Army Corps zone, raided the Bogazliyan village, conducting murders and destruction as reported by cable to the Ministry from Konya Conscription Department on 11/5/331 (24 July 1915). The Second Section of the General Headquarters was informed on the same date by telephone and it was written to the Defence Ministry. Nigde Gendarmerie Command has dispatched sufficient forces to follow up and punish these brutal rebels. No other action of this gang has been reported so far, and it did not clash with the follow-up forces. The Nigde Gendarmerie Battalion has been instructed to intensify the follow-up operation. Further information will be submitted. The Fifth Army Corps also informed. A code-key is requested for classified communications between the First and the Fifth Army Corps in this regard.

For Acting/Army Corps Commander
Colonel Fuat

Stamp (Supreme Command Correspondence)
Section : 1-2/15 (28) Dated
Branch : 4/15 (28) Dated
Section: 1-3/3717

Second Section
Written to Section 10 for issuing a copy of the code at Army Corps
Command. Submitted/15 (28) dated

On order of Director
Section: 211 3602
15 July 331 (28 July 1915)

Archive No: 1/2
Cabin No : 110
Drawer No : 2
File No : 385
Section No : 1530
Index No : 17


DOCUMENT NO: 1921 (117)


Section Directorate
No: 5998


Orders and instructions were issued not to give way to insults or humiliation of Armenians being transferred to inner regions and for strict protection of their properties and goods. The same orders are reiterated 17/18 July 1331 (30131 July 1915)

Third Army Commander
Mahmut Kamil

(Acting Supreme Command
Documentary Section)

Section 2/18 (31) dated
Section : 2/13715
18 July 1331 (31 July 1915)

Archive No : 112
Cabin No : 109
Drawer No : 4
File No : 361
Section No : 1445
Index No : 3-3

Holdwater: in the same spirit as the previous document, boy, this one makes a lot of sense. Here the idea was to knock off the Armenians, according to Armenian propaganda... but here, the government wanted to conduct their "Final Solution" nicely.

DOCUMENT NO: 1922 (118)

Writer :
No : 9473

Section: 1

Drafters Signature :
Date of Drafting :
16.7.331 (29 September 1915)


Unrest is being observed among the Moslem people of Urfa in reaction to the wounding of three gendarmes by fire opened from an Armenian house, according to reports from the Governor. The Governor further reports that the existing gendarmerie force in the region is not sufficient to quell the unrest and to suppress the revolting Armenians and to prevent any attack by surrounding tribes on the town and requests supporting military force. I have written him to apply to your command. Necessary immediate action is requested.


Provincial Authority of Urfa
Reply - 16 September 331 (29 September 1915)

Action has been requested from the Fourth Army Command. Apply there.


Section : 1/5447
Coded - 16 (29) dated
Signature :

Archive No : 1/1
Cabin No : 101
Drawer No : 2
File No : 13
Section No : 63
Index No : 15-3


DOCUMENT NO: 1923 (119)

Section : 2/221 -9
Drafter : Signature
Write : Signature
8 January 331 (21 January 1916)
Reply : 10 (23) dated
Signed : Tevfik
Letter No : 9835


In a cable from the U.S State Department to the U.S. Embassy in Istanbul the following was reported:

The Permanent Mutual Assistance Committee of Philadelphia has delivered $ 100 thousand by Armenians living in the United States for distribution among Armenians in Turkey who are in need and have financial difficulty.

Earlier another sum of money was sent from the United states. The Embassy, however, rejected distribution by us. Both this last amount and the sum reached earlier is undoubtedly being distributed through secret channels. Investigation of this matter with the outcome is requested.

Section 1 1.8/15

Armenian instruction not to be quoted

Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 113
Drawer No : 4
File No : 533
Section No : 2082
Index No : 2-98

Holdwater: Ambassador Morgenthau's term was up by around this time, but one can imagine the predicament. Naturally, Morgenthau would not have entrusted such monies to be distributed by the villainous Turks. Yet, this document presents the other side of the coin. Given the treachery of Armenians, and the blind support provided by the missionaries and Morgenthau, who was to say whether such monies would not have been diverted toward revolutionary ends?

DOCUMENT NO: 1924 (120)


Correspondence Department
Coding Section


Four Moslem women from the Caykapu Village of Tosya were kidnapped by four armed Armenian gangs on March 25 (April 7) and a detachment has been dispatched as reported from the region. Hereby submitted. 27 March 332 (9 April 1916)


HaliI Sami
A.S. 28.1.332
(10 April 1916)
Info. File.

Archive No : 1/131
Cabin No : 149
Drawer No : 4
File No : 2287
Section No : 11
Index No : 5-13

DOCUMENT NO: 1925 (121)

28 January 332
(13 February 1917)


(7 FEBRUARY 1917)

The armed clash between a 30 strong Arrnenian gang and a 15-man gendarmerie detachment in the forest near Sihli village of lslahiye started at two o'clock (afternoon) on 19 January 332 (1 February 1917) and continued until nine o'clock at night. Four soldiers were killed and one wounded in the clash, the bandits escaped, taking advantage of the nature of the terrain. Cebel-i Bereket (Osmaniye) Battalion Commander has been ordered for the follow-up operation. In a cable dated 24 January 332 (6 February 1917) from the said Battalion Command, it is stated that a second armed clash took place on 23 January 332 (5 February 1917) at Eriklibel, some six hours distant to lslahiye in which two of the gang were killed and one wounded. Casualties of the military fore include two from Antilli Construction Battalion and one from the 44th Cavalry Division, also one soldier was wounded. The gang is escaping toward Ayintap (Gaziantep). Cables have been sent to Gendarmerie commands, of Aleppo Regiment and Ayintap, Kilis, Maras, and Goksun for counter-operations to prevent the escape of the gang. Instructions were also issued to all concerned to dispatch urgently other cavalry forces available for support of the Battalion Command. Personally I am on my way to lslahiye.

(First Section, First branch)

Archive No : 1/131
Cabin No : 149
Drawer NO : 4
File No : 2287
Section No : 11
Index No . 5-24

DOCUMENT NO: 1926 (122)

...333 (1917)...
(not clear)

The conclusion of peace with Russia was welcomed here. This will be an encouraging factor in our efforts towards achieving a general peace. There is a development, however, grieving us. In the Ottoman lands evacuated by the Russian Army, Armenian Committees are committing murders, crimes and atrocities beyond description. Because of this deplorable situation, unrest prevails among the public. Any initiatives of the "Union" groups in their governments for a remedy and for a contribution to peace will be of use.


Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 112
Drawer No : 3
File No : 483
Section No : 1893-A
Index No : 27-3

DOCUMENT NO: 1927 (123)

Department of Public Order

Incoming and Outgoing No: 10257
Original No : Letter

Date of Drafting : 24 May 333 (24 May 1917)
Drafter : Signature (Irfan)
Date of Writing : 24.5.33 (24 May 1917)
Writer : Signature


The Armenian gang assembling at Kadircik location on the Adana-Maras road and carrying out raids and attacks on the Moslem population in the course of July 331 (191 5) was dispersed in an armed clash with the Governor and Commander of Adana and their accompanying unit. Letter from the General Directorate of Security dated 23 May 333 (23 May 1917) related to the file in this regard is attached herewith. After info. file to be returned.


Directorate of Legal Department

The file and the contents related to the said case to be returned to
this section after seen by the General Directorate of Security.


The back page of the Document:

10257/Directorate of Legal Department
24 May 333 (24 May 1917)
Case . Armenian
Related to Armenian incident on Adana -
Maras Road

Archive No : 1/131
Cabin No : 149
Drawer No : 4
File No 2287
Section No : 11
Index No : 8

DOCUMENT NO: 1928 (124)

2.2.34 (2 February 1918)



Honourable General,

The cruelties, atrocities and abuses suffered by the Moslem population in the Ottoman land under your occupation upon the withdrawal of Russian soldiers and their replacement by Armenians have reached such horrible dimensions as burning Moslem people alive, tying them one over another and shooting them and similar brutal murders. My grief and regret on learning of the continuation of these atrocities is very deep and I assure you that in reporting this situation to your honour I feel the same endless grief and sorrow. As the time for preventing these cruelties by orders or by warnings is long over-due it is obvious that immediate urgent and effective measures have to be taken by the parties and these measures have to be put into operation without any delay or negligence.

Further to the cases I had submitted in my Letter No: 738 of 29.1.34 (29 January 1918). 1 am hereby submitting with deep regret the following additional cases.

1. The male Moslem population of Erzincan and surrounding villages are being taken away by Armenians with their hands tied and shot in the barracks.

2. On 28.1.34 (28 January 1918), many of the rnale Moslems of Erzincan were assembled at the Church square by Armenians and burnt to death.

3. Armenians are still continuing setting on fire Muslims' homes in Erzincan. In this context let me mention only the Government Office Building of Erzincan, Yenicami Mosque, and all mosques of Zekganc and surrounding villages.

4. Corpses, of six Moslems murdered by Armenians on 15 January 34 (15 January 1918) at Teke, south-east of Gumushane were found by the road.

Similar atrocities are increasing every passing day. In fact, with the departure of the Second Turkistan Army from Kelkit, the lives of even the members of the Joint Committee cannot be considered safe. I have the honour to express my readiness to assist as deemed appropriate in protecting the lives, dignity and property of the people suffering cruelties in places where Russian soldiers had to evacuate. Please accept my deep regards honourable General.

Commander of the Ottoman Armies
of the Caucasian Front
Lt. General
Vehib Mehmed

(A True Copy)
Seal Chief of Staff,
Third Army.
Signature (Husrev)

Archive No : 4-3671
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 1
File No : 2907
Section No . 440
Index No . 2-18. 12-9

DOCUMENT NO: 1929 (125)


From Army Reports:

- Municipal Clerk of Erzincan Mehmet Efendi was kidnapped by Armenians while his mother, his wife and his four. . . . . . children were brutally murdered and their bodies dismembered.

- Armenians attempted to abduct the wife of Veysi; the son of Gulbahar and Veysi was murdered, as he resisted.

- On 12 January 34 (12 January 1918) Armenians raided Kelersen village shooting dead 15 Moslems after tying their hands.

- On 7 January 334 (7 January 1918) a group of Armenians in Russian uniforms kidnapped some 50 men and women from the Ful district on the Black Sea coast, took them in the direction of Trabzon, their corpses were later found in the Ful river.

- Armenians raided the Kizilgac village, south of Sarlipazari. murdering Moslems, stabbing by bayonets, hands and legs tied.

- Armenians began murdering Moslems of villages near Gorele and Erikli, raping Moslem women publicly.

- For one month, strong Armenians gangs murdered Moslem people of Sarlipazari, Akkilise, lnesil villages, plundering all their goods and properties.

- An Armenian gang of 50 men raided the Ardese town, plundering properties and burning the market street.

- Provisions left over by the evacuating Russian Army to the people in Sarpo, Sadak, Kose, Ardas, lkisu and Bayburt on the Trabzon region and in Tercan and Erzurum were seized by Armenians.

- Connections and communications of Erzincan with the outside world was cut off by Armenians following burning people alive in their homes. Some of the people were rounded up in the Church Square and burned alive there. Yeni Cami - Mosque and the Provincial Head Office in Erzincan were also bombed and burnt.

Some 500 Moslems from villages around Erzincan were brought to Erzincan and shot dead.

- Mir Mustafa Aga and 800 Moslems from the people of Dersim succeeded in escaping Armenian atrocities and took shelter with the Ottoman Army.

- A Commander who set up his headquarters at a village 28 Kms. west of Erzurum, gave the following account of Armenian cruelties and atrocities in his report of 12.3.34 (12 March 1918) (Summary):

- Armenians shut 278 Moslem inhabitants of this villages in their homes and murdered them all. 42 Moslems were found in their homes critically wounded. Lungs and livers of girls and women were torn out after being raped, their abdomens ripped open. Many corpses of children and men were found after gasoline had been poured on them.

- Some 50 Moslem people of Hosan and Kalcik were murdered at Gumgum. An indefinite number of people taken to work in road-building from Magal lsur did not reutrn.

- In Erzurum at the Kars gate, bodies of 250 brutally murdered Moslems were uncovered.

- Some 60 Moslems of Erkinis Village north of Erzurum were murdered by Armenians while trying to escape.

- The town of Hasankale was completely burnt by Armenians, leaving not a single place habitable.

- Massacres took place in Wasankale and surrounding villages, Moslem men, women and children were murdered by knives, axes or were shot, while some of the people were abducted, as witnessed by some of our cavalrymen

Report by the Third Army Command of 22.2.34 (22 February 1918):

- Russian Captain Kazmiri who remained in Erzincan reports: As I remained in Erzincan I saved the lives of many Moslem people from Arrnenian cruelties. I have heard that many Moslem people assembled by Armenians under the pretext of taking them for work in Kup and Sarikamis were massacred as soon as they were out of Erzincan. Also from what I am told by Armenians, they massacred 800 Moslems overnight in Erzincan.

- Statement of Russian Enlisted Man Alexander who remained in Erzincan: I was told by Armenians when I was in Ciftlik village that they had destroyed the city, massacring the people.

- Statement of a Russian woman named Yash: Following the withdrawal of Russians, Armenians set up a Committee in Erzincan and began aggression and atrocities on the Moslem people. From conversations I heard through the window, Armenians said that they had massacred all the people of Erzurum and its surroundings, and that they would do the same for the people of Erzincan. From Army Reports: 16 . 2. 34 (16 February 1918)

- There is no news on the fate or whereabouts of 650 Moslems taken by Armenians in mid-January for so-called road-building.

- Corpses of brutally murdered Moslem people were uncovered at Teke village east of Gurnushane.

In Tandirlik village 25 Moslem males were cut into pieces in carts.

- The Moughtar (Headman) of the Zanqa village north to Gumushane was tortured, his daughter was attacked and the next day was raped by 15 members of an Armenian gang.

- Armenian gangs destroyed and burnt the barracks, Provincial Office and many houses in Erzincan and the bridge on the River Euphrates, south to Erzincan.

- The market street and mosque of Rize were plundered by Armenians gangs and burnt to the ground.

- Our security detachments entering the town of Bayburt found the remnants of dreadful crimes. Aged women and children unable to escape, stayed in their homes and were burnt, those captured in the streets were stabbed to death by bayonets. More than 200 corpses were recovered from burnt houses in two days and buried.

- A Georgian detachment during a stopover in the town of Rize for the night, observed the remains of Armenian cruelties, and being disgusted, changed their mind left the town, despite the calls of the people for help.

- General Odishelidje, Commander of the Russian Caucasian Army reported with regret that soldiers stationed in Erzincan, on speculation originated by provocateurs alleging that Moslems would carry out a revolution. and upon the wounding of a soldier, were armed and used against Moslems and there was an unknown number of casualties and wounded.

- The General also informed us of a Colonel Morel (GS), his identity not quite clear (French or British), ordering the burning of Kurdish and Moslem villages on the Erzincan-Erzurum road, on the grounds that the Kurds were preparing for an attack. Armenian Gang Leader Mirat executed the orders.

The same Mirat, escorted by Armenian patrols, ordered the assembly of all Moslem people in the Church Square in Erzincan, when moughtars (headmen) came to inquire the reason, all were executed. Armenian patrols took the people out of their homes in parties, brought them first to the telegraph office and then to Vahit Bey's House in the night burning them alive with the house, shooting those who attempted to escape. Over 1000 women and children were also burnt in the Fortress barracks and in three large houses. Many other houses were also burnt by Armenians.

- Hulusi Efendi, an inhabitant who escaped the following day, in his account, told of the dreadful cries of women being burnt to death. People wounded, with burns, bloody clothes or naked who took refuge on the armistice line, said the orders for the atrocities were issued by Colonel Morel.

- Armenian Gang Leader Arshak in Bayburt, ordered the assembly of the people in the surrounding villages in Bayburt, but the people, informed of the atrocities in Erzincan, fled to the snowy mountains along with their women and children.

Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 113
Drawer No : 4
File No : 527
Section No : 2057
Index No : 1-6

DOCUMENT NO: 1930 (126)

Decoded Message:
Do: 268/2

K-l (1st Army Corps)
Caucasian Headquarters
6.2.34 (6 February 1918)
Received 7.2.34 (7 Feb. 1918)
Hour : 1.35 before (13.35)


The contents of a letter from Emir Huseyin. son of Seyyit Ali Aga and his friends which reached the 36th Division Command at 8.30 (after) on 6.2.34 (6 February 1918) and which was transmitted by telephone from the said command at 11.30 (after) are hereby submitted:

In an armed clash between Kurds and Armenians around Petric near Vahit Bey Inn on 3.2.34 (3 February 1918) the Kurds seized two machine guns and four horses from Armenians and delivered these to Eastern Dersim Commander Hasan Bey. In Erzincan all men and children alike have been murdered by Armenians. The city is finished and now villages are under artillery fire. If no forces arrive in the next few days to help, there will be no people left.

For K-l Caucasian 1st Army Corps Commander
Acting Chief of Staff

Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 1
File No : 2910
Section No : 456
Index No : 9

DOCUMENT NO: 1931 (127)

Section: 1
Army Headquarters


I, an officer of the 13th Turkistan Regiment, hereby declare that I accepted service for the Armenian detachments. The detachment was under the command of Colonel Morel from the 27th Turkistan Regiment. The enlisted men of the detachment were committing cruelties and robbing the people. On the night of 15/16 January, Armenians committed a massacre of the local population. Some 800 people of Erzincan were massacred, it was said. Measures taken by Colonel Morel were futile. Cruelties and plundering went on. I tried to prevent them when I could. Personally I saved a few Turkish families. When my relations with Colonel Morel reached a critical stage, I was obliged to ask for his permission to join my unit. My orders for permission were drawn on January 30. Lack of transportation, however did not allow my departure and I had to stay. It was not possible for me to leave even after the arrival of Turks and Kurds.

My Affidavit Statement:

Armenians of the detachment plundered the city of Erzincan committing atrocities upon the people. They carried out massacres. Here and there in the city I personally saw piles of corpses. These are evidence of the truth of my affidavit statement. I went along the many houses and I have seen all these. Erzincan 7 February 1918

Acting Captain from the 13th Turkistan Snipers Regiment


12 families took shelter at my residence seeking my protection as a Russian Officer against Armenian cruelties. These were safe as they were under my protection

7 February 1918

Acting Captain

Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 113
Drawer No : 4
File No : 527
Section No : 2057
Index No : 1-2

DOCUMENT NO: 1932 (128)

No :
(In writing)

7.2.34 (7 February 1918)

" I "


l . As the advance operation aims solely at the establishment of order and security, and as the provisions of the Erzincan Cease-fire Agreement related to the dividing lines are not valid any longer in view of the fact that Russian troops have already withdrawn, only the remaining provisions are valid. Therefore, any Russian officer or enlisted man to be seen in the regions being taken over will not be treated in a hostile manner.

2. Persons from the Armenian nation who committed cruelties and abused the Moslem people, if faced by our soldiers, arms in hand, even if they are in Russian uniforms will be considered as rebels and gangs and will be court-martialed.

Women and children, irrespective of their kind or religion, will be treated benevolently in a way which fits Ottoman dignity.

3. Caucasians, Russians, Armenians. Georgians and similar tribes who collaborated with Armenians in serving their aims and in the [genocide] and annihilation against the Moslem population, will not be recognised as members of the Russian Army.

4. Strict discipline will be practised during the operation: All protective measures will be taken for provisions, materials, equipment and ammunition depots against any possible raiders or plunderers who might take advantage of the chaotic situation. Such moves shall be most strictly prevented.

5. Personnel and patients in hospitals will be treated in accordance with the provisions of the Geneva Convention.

6. All applications will be carried in compliance with laws and regulations, absolutely free from any personal consideration, not giving the slightest harm to any body.

This order has been issued to the First and Second Caucasian Army Corps and to the Fourth Army Corps. Operation: 897

Third Army Commander
Lt. General

(Certified True Copy)

Archive No : 4/3671
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 1
File No : 2907
Section No : 440
Index No : 5-53


DOCUMENT NO: 1933 (129)

8 2 334 (8 February 1918)

8.2.334 (8 February 1918)
No: B.C./22


1. Four persons escaping from Armenian cruelties took shelter at Tubelek Village "53 L" (code). Their account on Erzincan is submitted below:

On 31.1.34 (31 January 1918) patrols going through the streets of Erzincan on orders from Mirad, one of the leading Armenian gangs from Sivas, summoned all the Moslem population to assemble at the Church Square. When the moughtars (headmen) together applied to learn the reason. Mirad arrested and immediately executed them all. Later, the patrols forced the Moslem population out of their houses, brought them in parties to the Telegraph Centre and then to Vahit Bey's House in the town. At eight o'clock in the evening (20.00 hrs) over 1500 Moslems were brought to Vahit Bey's House. Armenians later set the building on fire from all sides. Those who jumped from windows to escape from fire were shot or stabbed to death by bayonets by Armenians.

These villagers also said Armenians rounded up Moslem women in the Fortress Barracks and in three other large houses burning them alive, apart from nearly l000 houses which they also burnt.

2. A person named Hulusi who also escaped during the same week said Armenians assembled leading Moslem figures and the rnoughtars in Erzincan and burnt them. Many Moslem houses were burnt by Armenians, he said, indicating that he had personally witnessed four of these horrible cases. Around 1000 Armenians present in Erzincan began massacring the Moslem people, he explained.

3. In Bayburt, Armenian Gang Leader Arshak ordered Moslem people of the villages in the region on 7.2.34 (7 February 1918) to assemble in Bayburt. Afraid of what would happen, the lmam (Religious Headmen) and the Moughtar of the Hayik Village south to Sulun mountain, escaped, reaching the Armistice Commission to inform them of the situation and ask for arms.

Accordingly, Armenians committed many cruelties, atrocities and massacres in the said region, details of which have not yet arrived
8.2.34 (8 February 1918)

Third Army Commander
Vehib Mehmed

Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 113
Drawer No : 3
File No : 525
Section No : 2096
Index No : 10, 10-1

DOCUMENT NO: 1934 (130)

Section : 1
Army Headquarters


l . Arrived in Bayburt at 4.30 after (16.30) yesterday. Upon search and investigation, I have witnessed with all evidence and indications of cruelties and atrocities and crimes Armenians committed on Moslem inhabitants of Bayburt. An account follows:

2. On the day they were leaving Bayburt, Armenians burnt some 400 of the most beautiful houses and shops of the town.

3. On 15.2.34 (15 February 1918) Armenians assembled a group of poor women, children and men of the town in a large building, formerly a prison, by deceit, telling them that they would distribute flour, and brutally burnt them. Children, women, girls and boys alike, who happened to be in the streets, were brutally murdered, shot or stabbed by bayonets.

4. While burning these suppressed innocent people, their cries for help were listened to as if music by Armenians who, not even deeming these cruelties sufficient, they threw grenades and fired bullets through the holes in the burning buildings. Many girls were among the victims. The number of these Moslem bodies burnt in a way never witnessed by humanity and the world of civilisation, murdered, and annihilated under all kinds of torture is over 250.

5. There are 30 wounded women, men and children in the town. Their first aid was carried by the Regiment physicians.

6. The Binbasi inn full of infantry and artillery ammunition and bombs, was also burnt by Armenians.

People tried to put out the fires in some of the buildings after Armenians fled. Fires are still burning in some buildings, while artillery ammunition explodes here and there.

7. Fleeing Armenians reportedly took two machine-guns and two mountain artillery pieces along.

13th Caucasian Regiment Commander
Lt. Col. Ahmet Riza

Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 113
Drawer No : 3
File No : 527
Section No : 2057
Index No : 1-8

DOCUMENT NO: 1935 (131)

Chief of Staff
Section . 1
Army Headquarters
Branch 23.2.34 (23 February 1918)
No Code.


1. An Armenian gang's existence has been reported, in Adilcevaz, within the Fourth Army Corps Front. An enemy motor-boat, after ineffective fire from 4000 metres on the Karmuc pier, sailed toward Van..

On 21.2.34 (21 February 1918) Ahlat and, the following day Perhavs, south-east of Nazik lake were occupied.

Our reconnaissance column proceeding up to Abdal Beyand, northwest of Nazik lake, met no enemy forces.

Muhacir and Til villages "La 59" (code) in the Mus plain have been occupied.

Our reconnaissance columns proceeding in the direction of Lower Kurnu, met no enemy forces at Mozsufla "L 46'. (code) and Darayi "L 45" (code). Snowstorms continue in this Army Corps zone.

2. Mamahatun in the First Caucasian Army Corps Zone, was occupied by our troops on 22.2.34 (22 February 1918). the major part, however, burnt.

Security units have been deployed to Pelegoz "K 47" Cinar Konu Vartik "F 48" Peceric "G 50" (codes) line. According to statements of villagers, some 1000 Armenian gangs with six artillery guns, withdrew to the east on 21.2.34 (21 February 1918) via Yenikoy "G 46" (code). On their way they murdered and burned around 300 defenceless Moslem people.

3. There is no change in the position of the Second Caucasian Army Corps.

On 22.2.34 (22 February 1918) the number of ships in Trabzon port was reported as eleven.

In Huka "D 56 ' (code) and vicinity, south-west of Polathane a number of artillery guns and ammunition abandoned by Greeks were found, with breech-mechanisms and other components of some of them missing. These included four ordinary 10.5 long barrel guns, 15 howitzers of 15 caliber, 22 short and long barrel guns of 9,300 rounds of 15 ea. and 250 7.5 ea. howitzer arnmunition. (*)

To the Artillery Inspectorate:

Submitted to the Commanding General and by him to the Supreme

4. Weather cloudy, partly open and very cold.

5. This Report of No, fifty four was delivered to the telegraph office of Susehri at eight after (20.00 hrs) to be transmitted to the Supreme Command, Thunderbolt Group, Fourth and Sixth Army Commands.

Third Army Commander
Lt. General

Vehib Mehmed

23.2.34 (23 February 1918)
Operation : 54
Coded : 23.2.34 (23 February 1918)

Archive No : 4/3671
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 5
File No : 2947
Section No : 629
Index No : 2-9, 2-10

(*) Note : This paragraph was deleted in the document

DOCUMENT NO: 1936 (132)


Section No: 2nd/2947
Date of Drafting: 17.3.34
(17 March 1918)
Correspondence No: 288

Written by : (Signature)
Date written : 17.3.34
(17 March 1918)


Summary of cables from the Third Army Command related to Armenian cruelties and atrocities.


To abroad through National Agency
Local newspapers
Special Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs


Definitely today
Sender . 17.3.34 (1 7 March 1918)
Section/Branch : 4

Archive No : 112
Cabin No : 110
Drawer No : 2
File No : 385
Section No : 1530
Index No : 36-9

Section :

Armenians murdered around 50 of the Moslem population of Hosan and Kalci after taking them to Gumgum. Men in unknown numbers taken by Armenians from Magalisur under the pretext of employing them in road-building did not return.

Before leaving the Erkinis village north of Erzurum, Armenians murdered about 60 Moslems.

At Kars Gate of Erzurum, corpses of about 250 Moslems were uncovered, all brutally murdered by Armenians.

In Hasankale and surrounding villages Armenians brutally massacred a group of men, women and children, by axes, knives or shooting, also taking a number of Moslems along as seen by a group of our cavalrymen.

Hasankale was completely burnt by Armenians, not a single dwelling left habitable.

Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 110
Drawer No : 2
File No : 385
Index No : 36-10/11


Drafting Date : 12.3.34 (12 March 1918)


Summary of the Report of a commander who set up his headquarters at a village 28 Km.s west of Erzurum, on Armenian cruelties and atrocities:

Armenians shut 278 Moslem inhabitants of this village in their homes and murdered them all. 42 Moslems were found in their homes critically wounded. Lungs and livers of girls and women were torn out after being raped, their abdomens ripped open, brains crushed. Many of the corpses and children and men were burnt after pouring gasoline on them.

I have telephoned the Directorate of Press to convey the message to the National News Agency.

Archive No : 2
Cabin No : 110
Drawer No : 2
File No : 385
Section No : 1530
Index No : 36-8

Section :


Entering Bayburt, our security detachments were faced with views of horrible murders and crimes. Old people, men, women and children alike, hiding shut in their homes afraid of Armenians, were partly burnt to death with their homes. Those who happened to be in the streets were bayoneted to death. In the past two days, corpses of more than 200 such victims were found in the streets and buried.

Several days ago a Georgian detachment during a stopover in the town of Rize for the night, observed the remains of Armenian cruelties, and being disgusted, and sorry for the cries of the people, changed their minds and left the town despite the calls of the people for help.


Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 110
Drawer No : 2
File No : 385
Section No : 1530
Index No : 36-1 2

Holdwater: So some of these reports were actually released to a news agency, in the hopes that a just and humane world would pay attention to the terrible crimes being committed by the Armenians. Did any see print in a Western newspaper? I have conducted deep research with newspaper archives of the United States, and I don't recall encountering any such articles. Pretty racist, huh?

DOCUMENT NO: 1937 (133)



On 2.4.32 (2 April 1918) Armenians raided the Kolaksi Village south of Ahilkelek. They forced out the following persons from their homes and shot them in front of their homes:

Copurzade Karnil, his son, his brother llyas, Ahmet, son of llyas, Gulmehmet, another son of llyas, Ali, son of Yusuf, Iskender, son of Yusuf. Yahya, son of llyas, Hirnmet, son of Yahya, Abbas, son of Kadi, Asker, son of Osman and Dursun from Hasona..

On 11.4.34 (11 April 1918) they took lskender Bey from Tok Village (East of Hortovis) out of the prisbn at Ahilkelek and shot him dead before our very eyes.

Further, they also murdered rnany Moslems from Varadan, Kokiya (near Hortovis) and Tok villages.

I certify my affidavit statement
Ali from Hospiya

Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 110
Drawer No : 1
File No : 379
Section No : 1484
Index No : 14-1

DOCUMENT NO: 1938 (134)

Code without No.


1. Armenians assembling in the Ahilkelek region, have been going on with their massacre of the Moslem population in the region between Ahilkelek and Ardahan, according to reliable and repeated reports.

2. As the total of the troops of our group have been dispatched to the Kars region against Armenians in that area, it is not possible to send sufficient forces to the Ahilkelek area now.

3. In order to save the lives and properties of the Moslem population, your orders are requested for dispatching urgently sufficient forces from the Batum area to the Ardahan-Ahilkelek line if possible.

Group Commander

Operation - 1458
21 April 34 (1918)
No: 33

Is he going mad ?
Signature (not clear)
Section : 1/25 dated
No need any more.

Archive No : 4/3671
Cabin No : 163
Drawer No : 5
File No : 2947
Section No : 628
Index No : 38

DOCUMENT NO: 1939 (135)

Section : 1
No: 4/25

Army Headquarters
25.4.34 (25 April 1918)

Copies to: Ministry of Interior
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Canonical Affairs


The Ottoman Army, in its advance operation to liberate and clear from the enemy the invaded lands, and to save the so-known Three-Provinces (Kars, Ardahan, Artvin) from further disintegration and destruction, has opened its protective arms to the population inhabiting these lands irrespective (without any discrimination) of their sex or religion, has taken the laws as the basis of state rule and authority, protected their lives, properties and their dignity, and has devoted all its efforts to secure their loyalty to the Ottoman Government.

Vehib Pasha in 1915. Does he
sound like he would have admitted
a genocide against Armenians?
Yet he is one of Vahakn Dadrian's
favorite "genocide witnesses."

Armenian Dashnaks and committees alike have provoked and created confusion among Armenian and Greek inhabitants of the Three- Provinces, forcing them to migrate against their wish to inner regions, it was reliably learnt. Under these circumstances, printed leaflets were immediately distributed, announcing that the Ottoman Army absolutely guarantees the security of the lives, dignity and property of all loyal people irrespective of their, sex, religion etc. assuring them that they will not be harmed, curing the people to be free of the influence of the deceit of some subversive committees and to continue their daily lives and engagements. The positive effects of these calls and assurances were immediately observed, and some of the Armenian families and all of the Greek families gave up migration and stayed in their homes. The number of those who welcome the Ottoman Army and shelter under its protection and affection, is increasing every day.

In this context, some 1500 Armenians who chose to stay in Ardahan, are being treated well; all their needs and welfare have been secured. Some of the Greeks who emigrated before are now returning to their former places. Let me submit to your Supreme authority, the assurance that all loyal people living in the places which, by God's Will we shall takeover, will be treated the same way.

Third Army Commander
Lt. General
Vehib Mehmed

Section : 1-2
25.4.34 (191 8)

Acting Supreme Command
Operations Department

25 April 1334 11918) No: 3322
Submitted to 2nd Section 25.4.34 (1918)

Submitted to Commander
Deputy Chief of Operations
Signature (Hulusi)

Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 4
Drawer No : 109
File No : 359
Section No : 1435
Index No : 3-31.3-32

DOCUMENT NO: 1940 (136)



Seal and Signature : (not clear)
Origin : Tercan
Number : without
Words : 150
Date : 5.3.34 (5 May 1918)
Signature : (not clear)


The town has been completely destroyed by Armenians, leaving not even one building. The mosque which was turned into an ammunition depot by the Russians was blown up by dynamite. Mamahatun Tomb destroyed. The town is nothing but a place of ruins. Corpses of Moslem dead are everywhere. The number of children murdered by Armenians in Marnahatun alone reached 700. Some of the corpses are in buildings some in ditches at road bank, hands tied. Many are beheaded by axes. The people suffered no cruelties from the Russians. All these atrocities and destruction are the work of Armenians after the withdrawal of the Russians. Provisions, ammunition and materials left over by the Russians were burnt by Armenians. There is much engineering equipment, tools and timber in the town. 4 May 34 (1918)

Headquarters/Second Section
Capt. Ahmet Refim

Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 110
Drawer No : 5
File No
Section No : 1023
Index No : 3-42.3-43

DOCUMENT NO: 1941 (137)


Seal and Signature : (unclear)
order No : 102
Intermediary Station : Sivas
Date : 8.5.34 (8 May 1918)
Signature of the Official : Signature
Origin Erzurum
No. : 1681
Words : 100

Transmitted :
No. : 34
Date : 9 May 334 (1918)
Hour-Minute : 8.15
Signature of the Official:


Erzurum is a city of ruins after Armenian cruelties and atrocities. Before their withdrawal, Armenians rounded about 300 Moslem people in a house and burnt the building with people in it, after pouring on gasoline. Among the debris there are pieces of human corpses, skulls and brains. This is not the only building in which Armenians rounded up and burnt people. There are other buildings in which hundreds of Moslems were murdered. The cruelties and atrocities were led by Antranik Pasha and French Colonel Morel. The number of corpses gathered in Erzurum is 4000. Among them are many women and children. Victims of Armenian murderers in llicalar alone are nearly 2000. People were murdered by burning in houses, or taken out for road-building and murdered outside the town. The number of such missing people from Erzurum is 111. These figures do not cover those murdered in villages.

Journalists and reporters visited the scene of the cruelties for half an hour accompanied by the Governor. In two or three days we are returning via Kars-Batum. I have photographed scenes of cruelties, destruction and ruins. Submitted for your information. 8 Dated.

General Headquarters / Second Section
Captain Ahmet Refik
Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 110
Drawer No : 5
File No : -
Section No : 1023
Index No : 3-44. 3-45

Holdwater: Col. Morel was a Russian of French origin.

DOCUMENT NO: 1912 (138)

Code :
17.5.34 (17 May 1918)


1. Euphrates Front : Hanbadgadi occupied

2. Palestine Front : Rebel attacks against Muan completely repulsed.

3. Caucasian Front : Gumru-Alexandropolis surrendered on 15.5.34 (15 May 1918). No fire or destruction is observed in the city.

As stated in letters of March and April, apart from Moslems of Baku. Tiflis and Gence, all Eastern Caucasian Turks also suffered from Armenian cruelties. Nearly 250 Islam villages were burnt by Armenians. 700 Ottoman prisoners of war at Alexandropolis were burnt to death by Armenians, by pouring gasoline on them.

4. In the Fourth Army Corps Front : No significant change. Combing free from gangs the villages east of Lake Van and proceeding in Dilman and Rumiye direction continues.

Sixth Army Commander

Operations : 1973
Coded. 18.5.34 (191 8)
Initials. (not clear)

Archive No : 4/1048
Cabin No : 180
Drawer No : 4
File No : 3632
Section No : 138
Index No : 45


DOCUMENT NO: 1943 (139) 


Date Writen: 14.7.34 (14 July 1918)
To be translated into French. 2889



In response to your official Letter No. 1278 dated 2 July 1918:

Thank you very much for the sincere feelings you expressed for my Government.

1. Just as before, it is natural that the Ottoman Government will not hinder the religious affairs of Armenian Catholics on lands joining Ottoman territories.

2. Security of life, dignity and property of all the various elements (communities) living under Ottoman rule is guaranteed, free from any 1 aggression. I don't think the Armenians living in Kocorbulak and Errnanic villages of Burcali district are under any pressure. Nevertheless, I have issued strict orders to all those concerned in this respect.

3. Pending the calming of the indigation which arose from the horrible and deplorable acts committed by Armenians during their withdrawal, it will be an appropriate precaution to postpone (delay) the return of Armenians who emigrated from Ardahan and Ahilkelek to Tiflis and other places.

4 The return of Armenians who emigrated from Kars (all) and Alexandropolis (partly) should also be delayed for the same reasons explained in Para. 3 above. I would also suggest to delay the sending of a religious delegation to Kars and Alexandropolis, for the same reason.

5. Please send me the full address of the wife and children of Oseb Minas Nehabitan, so that I can inquire through the local command and give you concrete information on the matter.

6. 1 have ordered the Military Delegation in Tiflis to issue necessary certificates to Bishop (Father) Antouan Kapuian, to come to Batum for advice to the Armenian Catholic Community.

7. Let me inform you that you can always apply to the Operation Section of the Army any time you wish, to discuss and decide on matters which need to be settled.

Please accept my respects.

Third Army Commander
Lt. General

12.7.34 (12 July 1918)
Initials (not clear)

Translated. 13 July 334 (1918)
Signature (not clear)
Archive No : 4/6520
CabinNo : 170
Drawer No : 2
File No : 3188
Section No : 50
Index No : 2-41, 2-42, 2-43

DOCUMENT NO: 1944 (140)

Section :
No :

To Ministries of Interior and Foreign Affairs


Very Urgent

A copy of coded message from Islamic Army Commander Nuri Pasha hereby submitted.

The Armenian Government has been officially urged to separate the Armenians from Bolsheviks in the Baku area and the matter is being closely followed.

(26 July 334 (1918) )
Third Army Commander


To Eastern Armies Group Command :

Three fourths of the people in Gence. Baku and our Front, called Bolsheviks, are Armenians. Up to date. these Armenians have burnt some 200 villages west of Baku and murdered indiscriminately any Moslem they captured. In Gundemir, they rounded up 480 women and children in a mosque and burnt them. Photographs and documents, evidence of these atrocities are being complied.

According to the affidavit statement of an Armenian officer prisoner Russians dissociated themselves from Armenians because of these cruelties, and Armenians seized the arms of these Russians and sent them to Tarkesen island. It nas been established that . . . . (code) in Baku with Armenians.

According to the statements of two of our officers who escaped from Baku, Armenians and Russians from the people of Baku are reportedly trying to prevent any resistance from those dissociated from the Bolsheviks against us.

Warships will not join the Baku war, they say. Bolshevik Commander Bichirahov tried to conscript soldiers but failed, as nobody complied. He declared that this war was for Bolshevism. Intense fighting is going on against Bolsheviks in Demirhan, Suza and Petrovski. Bolsheviks were forced to push in reinforcements. In Baku it is preferred to win Bolsheviks rather than the Armenians Though working in this way, I have also dispatched an Armenian Bishops Council, to gain the support of the Armenians. Any initiatives from your side along the same lines will obviously be useful.

Caucasian Islamic Army Commander
Lt. General

132/26.7.34 (26 July 1918)

Section : 6986

29 July 1334 (1918)
To the Foreign Office

Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 112
Drawer No : 3
File No : 483
Section No : 1893. A
Index No : 40-1. 40-2

DOCUMENT NO: 1945 (141)


Section :
No :


A summary of the report by an officer sent by our 9th Army two weeks ago to Erivan to contact the Moslem people there and also as an envoy to Armenians is submitted below:

1. The Moslem population under the jurisdiction of The Armenian Government is under constant threat of murder and plundering. Protests to the Armenian Government are of no use. In fact, the said Government is incapable. The purpose of the Armenians is to annihilate the Moslems.

2. Currently there is an Armenian Army Corps with three divisions in Erivan. The Commanding Officer is General Nazarbekov. The Chief of Staff is General Vickinski and division commanders are General Areshov, General Silidkov and General Agobov respectively. The divisions comprise four regiments each, three regular and one depot regiment. Their total strength is 32,000 enlisted men. Population is also totally armed. A 40 to 50 thousand strong force can be formed from this armed civilian population. Infantry weapons are all Russian rifles.

3. The artillery is organised on a three brigade and six regiment basis. Currently they have 40 artillery guns. Four batteries are field artillery of 7.5 and the rest Russian mountain artillery.

4. The cavalry is organised on a four brigade and eight regiment basis, though currently they have only six regiments. The table of organisation of regiments is 500, however only 250 cavalry are currently in each.

5. The banks of the Erivan river are relatively fortified.

6. Armenian forces in the front and on the border are currently seven infantry and a few cavalry regiments.

7. The morale of the Armenians is very low. Some 13,000 Armenian soldiers are in military uniform while the remainder are militia in their national clothes.

8. Crops of Moslem people in Erivan and its region have been stolen by Armenians. Moslem people starving. The 9th Army notified the Moslem population to migrate to our side as quickly as possible and trains are being dispatched from time to time to pick the people up in parties. 27.7.34 (27 July 1918)

Acting Commander, Eastern Armies Group

Section : 2/6983
29 July 1334 (1918)
Archive No : 1/2
Cabin No : 113
Drawer No : 4
File No : 527
Section No : 2057
Index No : 8, 8-1

DOCUMENT NO: 1946 (142)


Section :


In a coded message I have just received from the Fortified Zone Command of Batum it is reported that the treatment of our troops in Batum by the British and our very existence has reached unbearable dimensions, incompatible with humanity and military dignity. Today, the British forced one of our companies near the railroad station out of the building, saying they will look at the building, and seized all arms and equipment in the building, taking them along and delivering them to the Armenian soldiers near the railroad station. Individual clashes continue to take place in increasing numbers between our soldiers who cannot tolerate such humiliation and the British. Further, the British are seizing our weapons and ammunition, preventing us from taking them out of Batum. Some 4000 rounds of powerful artillery ammunition loaded on railcars on its way to the ship were seized. They also withheld the arms and equipment shipped by our troops at Curuksu. The Fortified Zone Command of Batum has written to the British General requesting the release of the ammunition and the termination of these practices which do not comply with military dignity, but no positive outcome is expected.

As no instruction has reached us on how to react and how to respond to such moves by the British, we have no alternative but to comply with the desire and will of the British, an attitude incompatible with honour and dignity. If we are instructed on how to behave, what to allow and what not to permit ... there will be no harm as our moves will be based on orders and instructions. Clear instructions are urgently requested.

30.12. 34 (30 December 1918) Ninth Army Commander

To the General Staff
1.1.35 (1 January 1919)

Archive No : 1/1
Cabin No : 101
Drawer No : 1
File No : 4
Section No : 18
.Index No : 45, 45-1



See also:

Documents On Ottoman-Armenians, Volume I

Documents On Ottoman-Armenians, Volume III

Armenians in Ottoman Documents (1915-1920)


"West" Accounts


Armenian Views


Turks in Movies
Turks in TV


This Site

...Is to expose the mythological “Armenian genocide,” from the years 1915-16. A wartime tragedy involving the losses of so many has been turned into a politicized story of “exclusive victimhood,” and because of the prevailing prejudice against Turks, along with Turkish indifference, those in the world, particularly in the West, have been quick to accept these terribly defamatory claims involving the worst crime against humanity. Few stop to investigate below the surface that those regarded as the innocent victims, the Armenians, while seeking to establish an independent state, have been the ones to commit systematic ethnic cleansing against those who did not fit into their racial/religious ideal: Muslims, Jews, and even fellow Armenians who had converted to Islam. Criminals as Dro, Antranik, Keri, Armen Garo and Soghoman Tehlirian (the assassin of Talat Pasha, one of the three Young Turk leaders, along with Enver and Jemal) contributed toward the deaths (via massacres, atrocities, and forced deportation) of countless innocents, numbering over half a million. What determines genocide is not the number of casualties or the cruelty of the persecutions, but the intent to destroy a group, the members of which  are guilty of nothing beyond being members of that group. The Armenians suffered their fate of resettlement not for their ethnicity, having co-existed and prospered in the Ottoman Empire for centuries, but because they rebelled against their dying Ottoman nation during WWI (World War I); a rebellion that even their leaders of the period, such as Boghos Nubar and Hovhannes Katchaznouni, have admitted. Yet the hypocritical world rarely bothers to look beneath the surface, not only because of anti-Turkish prejudice, but because of Armenian wealth and intimidation tactics. As a result, these libelous lies, sometimes belonging in the category of “genocide studies,” have become part of the school curricula of many regions. Armenian scholars such as Vahakn Dadrian, Peter Balakian, Richard Hovannisian, Dennis Papazian and Levon Marashlian have been known to dishonestly present only one side of their story, as long as their genocide becomes affirmed. They have enlisted the help of "genocide scholars," such as Roger Smith, Robert Melson, Samantha Power, and Israel Charny… and particularly  those of Turkish extraction, such as Taner Akcam and Fatma Muge Gocek, who justify their alliance with those who actively work to harm the interests of their native country, with the claim that such efforts will help make Turkey more" democratic." On the other side of this coin are genuine scholars who consider all the relevant data, as true scholars have a duty to do, such as Justin McCarthy, Bernard Lewis, Heath Lowry, Erich Feigl and Guenter Lewy. The unscrupulous genocide industry, not having the facts on its side, makes a practice of attacking the messenger instead of the message, vilifying these professors as “deniers” and "agents of the Turkish government." The truth means so little to the pro-genocide believers, some even resort to the forgeries of the Naim-Andonian telegrams or sources  based on false evidence, as Franz Werfel’s The Forty Days of Musa Dagh. Naturally, there is no end to the hearsay "evidence" of the prejudiced pro-Christian people from the period, including missionaries and Near East Relief representatives, Arnold Toynbee, Lord Bryce, Lloyd George, Woodrow Wilson, Theodore Roosevelt, and so many others. When the rare Westerner opted to look at the issues objectively, such as Admirals Mark Bristol and Colby Chester, they were quick to be branded as “Turcophiles” by the propagandists. The sad thing is, even those who don’t consider themselves as bigots are quick to accept the deceptive claims of Armenian propaganda, because deep down people feel the Turks are natural killers and during times when Turks were victims, they do not rate as equal and deserving human beings. This is the main reason why the myth of this genocide has become the common wisdom.